IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/ces/ceswps/_1360.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

The Role of Higher Education Institutions: Recruitment of Elites and Economic Growth

Author

Listed:
  • Elise S. Brezis
  • François Crouzet

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to examine the evolution of recruitment of elites and to investigate the nature of the links between recruitment of elites and economic growth. The main change that occurred in the way the Western world trained its elites is that meritocracy became the basis for their recruitment. Although meritocratic selection should result in the best being chosen, we show that meritocratic recruitment actually leads to class stratification and auto-recruitment. We analyze the consequences of stratification resulting from meritocratic selection for the development of a country, and show that these consequences are dependent upon the type of technological changes occurring in the country.

Suggested Citation

  • Elise S. Brezis & François Crouzet, 2004. "The Role of Higher Education Institutions: Recruitment of Elites and Economic Growth," CESifo Working Paper Series 1360, CESifo Group Munich.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ceswps:_1360
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://www.cesifo-group.de/DocDL/cesifo1_wp1360.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Galor, Oded & Tsiddon, Daniel, 1997. "Technological Progress, Mobility, and Economic Growth," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 87(3), pages 363-382, June.
    2. Temin, Peter, 1999. "The Stability of the American Business Elite," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 8(2), pages 189-209, June.
    3. Neal, Derek A & Johnson, William R, 1996. "The Role of Premarket Factors in Black-White Wage Differences," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 104(5), pages 869-895, October.
    4. Miller, William, 1949. "American Historians and the Business Elite," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 9(02), pages 184-208, November.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Elise S. Brezis, 2012. "Ranking and Quality of Universities: Why are US Universities at the top of the International Rankings?," Working Papers 2012-05, Bar-Ilan University, Department of Economics.
    2. repec:eee:crpeac:v:21:y:2010:i:4:p:303-317 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Brezis, Elise S., 2008. "Is Privatization Necessary to achieve Quality of Universities?," MPRA Paper 12485, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Brezis, Elise S., 2010. "Globalization and the Emergence of a Transnational Oligarchy," WIDER Working Paper Series 005, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    economic growth; education; elites; meritocracy; recruitment; social mobility; stratification;

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ces:ceswps:_1360. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Klaus Wohlrabe). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/cesifde.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.