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The Impact on Firms of ICT Skill-Supply Strategies: An Anglo-German Comparison


  • Jim Foreman
  • Hilary Steedman
  • Karin Wagner


This paper compares the supply of specialist ICT skills in Britain and Germany from higher education and from apprenticeship and assesses the relative impact on companies in the two countries. In contrast to Britain, where numbers of ICT graduates have expanded rapidly, the supply of university graduates in Germany has not increased. Combined with the constraints of the German occupational model of work organization, it is concluded that this failure of supply may have contributed to slower growth of ICT employment in Germany. At the same time, German firms have turned to a newly developed model of apprenticeship to supply routine technical ICT skills. This strategy contrasts with British firms which recruit from a wide range of graduate specialisms and invest more heavily in graduate training. Probably in part as a consequence, apprenticeship in ICT occupations in Britain has failed to develop.

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  • Jim Foreman & Hilary Steedman & Karin Wagner, 2003. "The Impact on Firms of ICT Skill-Supply Strategies: An Anglo-German Comparison," CEP Discussion Papers dp0575, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  • Handle: RePEc:cep:cepdps:dp0575

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Jim Foreman & Howard Gospel, 2002. "The Provision of Training in Britain: Case Studies of Inter-Firm Coordination," CEP Discussion Papers dp0555, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
    2. Christine Bruniaux & Kirstine Hansen & Hilary Steedman & Anna Vignoles & Karin Wagner, 2000. "International Trends in the Quantity and Quality of Entrants to Computer Science Courses in Higher Education," Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung / Quarterly Journal of Economic Research, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 69(4), pages 527-543.
    3. Henkel, Joachim & Kaiser, Ulrich, 2002. "Fremdvergabe von IT-Dienstleistungen aus personalwirtschaftlicher Sicht," ZEW Discussion Papers 02-11, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    4. Christensen, Björn, 2001. "Qualifikationsanforderungen und Arbeitsformen in der Neuen Ökonomie," Kiel Working Papers 1081, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
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