Industrial Spillovers In Developing Countries: Plant-Level Evidence From Chile, Mexico And Morocco
Recent trade and growth models have underscored the potential importance of external economies of scale. However, many of the most frequently modeled externalities have either not been measured or have been estimated with data too aggregate to be informative. In this paper, plant-level longitudinal data from Chile, Mexico and Morocco allow me to provide some of the first micro evidence on several types of external economies from plant-level production functions. The results indicate that in many industries own-industry output contributes positively to plant-level productivity. However, the effects of geographic concentration are mixed. Cross-country concentration, as measured by a geographic GINI index, often decreases productivity but within-province, same industry activity enhances it.
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