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Structural heterogeneity, and endogeneity of elasticites on the balance-of-payments constrained growth model

Author

Listed:
  • Fabrício Missio

    (UEMS)

  • Frederico G. Jayme Jr

    (Cedeplar-UFMG)

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to demonstrate that, especially in developing countries, changes in the real exchange rate affect both the structure of production and the income elasticities of the demand for imports and exports – and, as a result, the balance-of-payments constraint to growth in the fashion of Thirlwall’s Law. If the latter is weakened, then these countries are able to reach a higher long-term growth rate. Thus, following Dosi, Pavitt e Soete (1990), we show how a devaluation of the real exchange rate affects an economy’s productive heterogeneity, by reducing its real wages. In addition, we demonstrate that the elasticities are endogenous, based on the argument that maintaining an undervalued exchange rate encourages research and innovation. This is due to its positive impact on self-financing conditions and on the access to credit, making it possible to modernise and diversify the structure of production. In the long-term, this implies an expansion of the export capacity and a reduction of the dependence on imports. Furthermore, based on Kaldor and Mirrlees (1962), we present a model that formalises the endogeneity of the elasticities by making them dependent on the average age of the capital stock of the economy. Lastly, we show how the approach suggested in this article is an improvement on the Structural Economic Dynamics (SED) approach, by demonstrating how variations in the real exchange rate alter the sectoral composition of the economy. In the final considerations, we present a series of arguments supporting the hypothesis that elasticities are endogenous to the real exchange rate.

Suggested Citation

  • Fabrício Missio & Frederico G. Jayme Jr, 2011. "Structural heterogeneity, and endogeneity of elasticites on the balance-of-payments constrained growth model," Textos para Discussão Cedeplar-UFMG td425, Cedeplar, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais.
  • Handle: RePEc:cdp:texdis:td425
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    File URL: http://www.cedeplar.ufmg.br/pesquisas/td/TD%20425.pdf
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    Cited by:

    1. Lúcio Otávio Seixas Barbosa & Frederico G. Jayme Jr & Fabrício J. Missio, 2017. "Managing real exchange rate for economic development :empirical evidences from developing countries," Textos para Discussão Cedeplar-UFMG 563, Cedeplar, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais.
    2. Hiroshi Nishi, 2014. "A Multi-Sectoral Balance-of-Payments-Constrained Growth Model with Sectoral Heterogeneity:International Competition, Productivity Dynamics, and Economic Growth," Discussion papers e-13-005, Graduate School of Economics Project Center, Kyoto University.
    3. Luciano Ferreira Gabriel & Fabrício Missio, 2016. "Sistema Nacional De Inovação Em Um Modelo Com Restrição Externa," Anais do XLII Encontro Nacional de Economia [Proceedings of the 42nd Brazilian Economics Meeting] 083, ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pós-Graduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics].
    4. José Luis Oreiro & Fabricio Missio & Frederico G. Jayme Jr., 2015. "Capital Accumulation, Structural Change and Real Exchange Rate in a Keynesian-Structuralist Growth Model," Panoeconomicus, Savez ekonomista Vojvodine, Novi Sad, Serbia, vol. 62(2), pages 237-256, June.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Balance-of-Payments Constraints; Real Exchange Rate; Structural Heterogeneity.;

    JEL classification:

    • E10 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General Aggregative Models - - - General
    • O11 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives

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