Liquidity and Arbitrage
Since arbitrage involves trading, it is potentially impeded by market frictions and costs. We study whether stock market liquidity is related to the efficacy of arbitrage. Specifically, we examine the joint time-series of the NYSE Composite index futures basis and aggregate liquidity on the NYSE for a relatively long time-period, over 3000 trading days, and find that the basis and liquidity are jointly determined. Contemporaneous innovations in the absolute basis and in bid-ask spreads are positively correlated. There is also evidence of two-way Granger causality between short-term absolute bases and effective spreads. Impulse response functions indicate that shocks to the absolute basis are significantly informative in predicting spreads.
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- Amihud, Yakov, 2002. "Illiquidity and stock returns: cross-section and time-series effects," Journal of Financial Markets, Elsevier, vol. 5(1), pages 31-56, January.
- Clifford A. Ball, 2001. "True Spreads and Equilibrium Prices," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 56(5), pages 1801-1835, October.
- Bakshi, Gurdip & Cao, Charles & Chen, Zhiwu, 2000.
"Do Call Prices and the Underlying Stock Always Move in the Same Direction?,"
Review of Financial Studies,
Society for Financial Studies, vol. 13(3), pages 549-584.
- Charles Quanwei Cao & Gurdip S. Bakshi & Zhiwu Chen, 1999. "Do Call Prices and the Underlying Stock Always Move in the Same Direction?," Yale School of Management Working Papers ysm125, Yale School of Management.
- Amihud, Yakov & Mendelson, Haim, 1986. "Asset pricing and the bid-ask spread," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 17(2), pages 223-249, December.
- Brennan, Michael J & Schwartz, Eduardo S, 1990. "Arbitrage in Stock Index Futures," The Journal of Business, University of Chicago Press, vol. 63(1), pages 7-31, January.
- Benston, George J. & Hagerman, Robert L., 1974. "Determinants of bid-asked spreads in the over-the-counter market," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 1(4), pages 353-364, December.
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