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True Spreads and Equilibrium Prices

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  • Clifford A. Ball

Abstract

Stocks and other financial assets are traded at prices that lie on a fixed grid determined by the minimum tick size. Observed prices and quoted spreads do not correspond to the equilibrium prices and true spreads that would exist in a market with no minimum tick size. Using Monte Carlo Markov Chain methods, this paper estimates the equilibrium prices and true spreads. For large stocks, most of the quoted spread is attributable to the rounding of prices and the adverse selection component is small. The true spread and the adverse selection component are greater for mid-sized stocks. Copyright The American Finance Association 2001.

Suggested Citation

  • Clifford A. Ball, 2001. "True Spreads and Equilibrium Prices," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 56(5), pages 1801-1835, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:jfinan:v:56:y:2001:i:5:p:1801-1835
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Oxelheim, Lars & Rafferty, Michael, 2005. "On the static efficiency of secondary bond markets," Journal of Multinational Financial Management, Elsevier, vol. 15(2), pages 117-135, April.
    2. Tarun Chordia & Asani Sarkar & Avanidhar Subrahmanyam, 2003. "An empirical analysis of stock and bond market liquidity," Staff Reports 164, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
    3. Chordia, Tarun & Sarkar, Asani & Subrahmanyam, Avanidhar, 2001. "An Empirical Analysis of Stock and Bond Market Liquidity: Forthcoming in the Review of Financial Studies," University of California at Los Angeles, Anderson Graduate School of Management qt9178v9kq, Anderson Graduate School of Management, UCLA.
    4. Chordia, Tarun & Roll, Richard & Subrahmanyam, Avanidhar, 2001. "Evidence on the Speed of Convergence to Market Efficiency, forthcoming: Journal of Financial Economics," University of California at Los Angeles, Anderson Graduate School of Management qt8wb6140g, Anderson Graduate School of Management, UCLA.
    5. Theissen, Erik & Zehnder, Lars Simon, 2014. "Estimation of trading costs: Trade indicator models revisited," CFR Working Papers 14-09, University of Cologne, Centre for Financial Research (CFR).
    6. Tarun Chordia & Asani Sarkar & Avanidhar Subrahmanyam, 2005. "The joint dynamics of liquidity, returns, and volatility across small and large firms," Staff Reports 207, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
    7. Chordia, Tarun & Roll, Richard & Subrahmanyam, Avanidhar, 2008. "Liquidity and market efficiency," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 87(2), pages 249-268, February.
    8. Zhang, Michael Yuanjie & Russell, Jeffrey R. & Tsay, Ruey S., 2008. "Determinants of bid and ask quotes and implications for the cost of trading," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 15(4), pages 656-678, September.
    9. Andersson, Jonas & Moberg, Jan-Magnus, 2007. "Structural breaks in point processes: With an application to reporting delays for trades on the New York stock exchange," Discussion Papers 2007/28, Norwegian School of Economics, Department of Business and Management Science.
    10. Thomas Henker & Martin Martens, 2010. "Spread decomposition with common spread components," International Journal of Managerial Finance, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 6(2), pages 88-115, April.
    11. Roll, Richard & Schwartz, Eduardo S & Subrahmanyam, Avanidhar, 2004. "Liquidity and Arbitrage," University of California at Los Angeles, Anderson Graduate School of Management qt9492m2t1, Anderson Graduate School of Management, UCLA.
    12. Julius Bonart & Fabrizio Lillo, 2016. "A continuous and efficient fundamental price on the discrete order book grid," Papers 1608.00756, arXiv.org, revised Aug 2016.
    13. repec:kap:rqfnac:v:50:y:2018:i:2:d:10.1007_s11156-017-0632-2 is not listed on IDEAS
    14. Owain ap Gwilym & Evamena Alibo, 2003. "Decreased price clustering in FTSE100 futures contracts following a transfer from floor to electronic trading," Journal of Futures Markets, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 23(7), pages 647-659, July.
    15. Gibson, Scott & Singh, Rajdeep & Yerramilli, Vijay, 2003. "The effect of decimalization on the components of the bid-ask spread," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 12(2), pages 121-148, April.
    16. Chordia, Tarun & Roll, Richard & Subrahmanyam, Avanidhar, 2005. "Evidence on the speed of convergence to market efficiency," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 76(2), pages 271-292, May.
    17. Henker, Thomas & Wang, Jian-Xin, 2006. "On the importance of timing specifications in market microstructure research," Journal of Financial Markets, Elsevier, vol. 9(2), pages 162-179, May.

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