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Trade Liberalizaiton and Oligopolistic Industries: a Welfare Appraisal

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  • T. Cordella

Abstract

The welfare effect of an intra-industry trade liberalization between two different countries is studied in this paper. Firms are firstly assumed to behave à la Cournot, results are then generalized in a conjectural variation model. If trade liberalization increases "world"welfare, it is nevertheless true that one country should be better off in the autarkic situation.The crucial parameters for evaluating the convenience of opening the market to foreign competition are the relative dimensions of domestic and foreign market and industry. In general small countries with oligopolistic industries have greater advantages from free trade. Consumers gains from trade liberalization are shown to be important, to open the market may , in fact, be considered a second-best competition measure if antitrust policy is not in place. Unilateral trade liberalization is studied; an example of Nash Equilibrium in policy, where only one country opens its market to foreign competition is furnished.

Suggested Citation

  • T. Cordella, 1990. "Trade Liberalizaiton and Oligopolistic Industries: a Welfare Appraisal," Working Papers 100, Dipartimento Scienze Economiche, Universita' di Bologna.
  • Handle: RePEc:bol:bodewp:100
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    Cited by:

    1. Ana Mauleon & Huasheng Song & Vincent Vannetelbosch, 2010. "Networks of Free Trade Agreements among Heterogeneous Countries," Journal of Public Economic Theory, Association for Public Economic Theory, vol. 12(3), pages 471-500, June.
    2. Cabrales, Antonio & Motta, Massimo, 2001. "Country asymmetries, endogenous product choice and the timing of trade liberalization," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 45(1), pages 87-107, January.
    3. Tharakan, Joe & Thisse, Jacques-Francois, 2002. "The importance of being small. Or when countries are areas and not points," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 32(3), pages 381-408, May.
    4. Leal, Mariel & Garcia, Arturo & Lee, Sang-Ho, 2017. "Effects of globalizing a consumer-friendly firm into an asymmetric mixed duopoly," MPRA Paper 83512, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Rabah Amir & Jim Y. Jin & Michael Troge, 2015. "Free Trade vs. Autarky under Asymmetric Cournot Oligopoly," Discussion Paper Series, Department of Economics 201509, Department of Economics, University of St. Andrews.
    6. Tsai, Yingyi & Mukherjee, Arijit & Chen, Jong-Rong, 2016. "Host market competition, foreign FDI and domestic welfare," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 13-22.
    7. Sugata Marjit & Arijit Mukherjee, 2015. "Endogenous Market Structure, Trade Cost Reduction, and Welfare," Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics (JITE), Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen, vol. 171(3), pages 493-511, September.
    8. Moner-Colonques, Rafael, 1998. "Cost uncertainty and trade liberalization in international oligopoly," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 45(2), pages 369-376, August.
    9. José J. Sempere Monerris & Rafael Moner Colonques & Amparo Urbano Salvador, 2010. "Trade liberalization in vertically related markets," Working Papers. Serie AD 2010-09, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie).
    10. Antonio Cabrales & Massimo Motta, 1996. "Country asymmetries, endogenous product choice and the speed of trade liberalization," Economics Working Papers 259, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, revised Jan 1998.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations

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