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Regulatory changes and the cost of equity:evidence from French banks

Author

Listed:
  • 0. De Bandt
  • B. Camara
  • P. Pessarossi
  • M. Rose

Abstract

In the paper, we first investigate the impact of an increase in capital requirements on the equity risk (beta) of listed banks in France. We find that an increase in capital ratios reduces banks’ systematic risk. This leads to a decrease in shareholders’ required return on equity, providing evidence in favour of the Modigliani-Miller theorem: the greater cost of capital due to higher capital ratios appears to be mitigated by the decrease in shareholders’ expected return on equity. We then analyze the impact of liquidity position and find almost no evidence so far that investors take banks’ liquidity risk into account.

Suggested Citation

  • 0. De Bandt & B. Camara & P. Pessarossi & M. Rose, 2014. "Regulatory changes and the cost of equity:evidence from French banks," Débats économiques et financiers 11, Banque de France.
  • Handle: RePEc:bfr:decfin:11
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Allen N. Berger & Christa H. S. Bouwman, 2009. "Bank Liquidity Creation," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 22(9), pages 3779-3837, September.
    2. Choi, In, 2001. "Unit root tests for panel data," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 20(2), pages 249-272, April.
    3. Levin, Andrew & Lin, Chien-Fu & James Chu, Chia-Shang, 2002. "Unit root tests in panel data: asymptotic and finite-sample properties," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 108(1), pages 1-24, May.
    4. Maddala, G S & Wu, Shaowen, 1999. " A Comparative Study of Unit Root Tests with Panel Data and a New Simple Test," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 61(0), pages 631-652, Special I.
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    Cited by:

    1. Mazet-Sonilhac, C. & Mésonnier, J.-S., 2016. "Le coût des capitaux propres des grandes entreprises non financières en zone euro : une évaluation sur la dernière décennie," Bulletin de la Banque de France, Banque de France, issue 207, pages 33-45.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Modigliani-Miller; cost of equity; solvency ratios; liquidity ratios.;

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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