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Efectividad de la Intervención Discrecional del Banco de la Répública en el Mercado Cambiario

  • Jorge Toro

    ()

  • Juan Manuel Julio

    ()

En este trabajo se hace una evaluación de la efectividad de la intervención discrecional utilizando una base de datos única que contiene información de alta frecuencia sobre el comportamiento intradía de la tasa de cambio, y de la intervención del Banco de la República. Se estima un modelo ARCH para los retornos (variaciones) de la tasa de cambio en intervalos de diez minutos. Se encuentra que la intervención obtiene el efecto deseado (un incremento permanente en la tasa de devaluación) sólo si se emite una señal creíble y no ambigua, acompañada de montos de intervención significativos. Adicionalmente, se obtiene que el diferencial entre la tasa de interés interna y externa es un determinante fundamental del retorno promedio. El conflicto entre el esquema de inflación objetivo y la intervención cambiaria ha debilitado la credibilidad de los agentes sobre la efectividad de la intervención, lo que se ha reflejado en un incremento de la volatilidad de los retornos. Los resultados econométricos son consistentes con la transmisión de los efectos a través del canal de Microestructura, y de la debilidad del canal de señales.

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Paper provided by Banco de la Republica de Colombia in its series Borradores de Economia with number 336.

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Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:336
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