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Tributación, Equidad y Eficiencia en Colombia: Guía para Salir de un Sistema Amalgamado

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  • Sergio Clavijo

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Abstract

En este documento pasamos revista a la estructura tributaria colombiana. Primero, en el contexto de lo que ocurre en América Latina y, segundo, evaluamos las tendencias históricas en materia de impuestos nacionales-territoriales, directos-indirectos y, en particular, la relación impo-rentapatrimonio. Nuestro mensaje básico es que solo a través de una mayor transparencia y equidad tributaria será posible equilibrar la frágil estructura de recaudos que se tiene hoy día. El actual sistema tributario es una amalgama insostenible de altas tasas de impo-renta, con múltiples exenciones, y descansa sobre una legislación temporal. Todo esto obligará al Estado colombiano a adoptar soluciones de fondo durante los años 2005-2006, que necesariamente implicarán una ampliación y elevación de la tasa de IVA, tal como ocurre en las socialdemocracias mas avanzadas. De no lograrse un mejor balance, es indudable que la estructura productiva se verá negativamente afectada, con grave riesgo para nuestra penetración de los mercados internacionales, ahora que se avecina la firma de acuerdos comerciales tipo TLC-ALCA.

Suggested Citation

  • Sergio Clavijo, 2005. "Tributación, Equidad y Eficiencia en Colombia: Guía para Salir de un Sistema Amalgamado," Borradores de Economia 325, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:325
    DOI: 10.32468/be.325
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    Cited by:

    1. Bernardi, Luigi & Fumagalli, Elena & Fumagalli, Laura, 2007. "Tax Systems and tax reforms in Latin America, Part I : country studies, Colombia," MPRA Paper 5224, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Isidro Hernández Rodríguez, 2015. "Economía política de la tributación en Colombia," Books, Universidad Externado de Colombia, Facultad de Economía, edition 1, number 70, January.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Tributación y Recaudos; Latinoamérica.;

    JEL classification:

    • H20 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - General
    • N26 - Economic History - - Financial Markets and Institutions - - - Latin America; Caribbean

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