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Mercado Actual de la Gasolina y del ACPM en Colombia e Inflación


  • Hernán Rincón
  • Aaron Garavito


El objetivo del documento es realizar un análisis descriptivo del mercado de los combustibles en el país, en particular de la gasolina y el ACPM, de la política de precios, los subsidios y los efectos inflacionarios de su desmonte parcial en 2004. De acuerdo al mercado internacional de combustibles, Colombia es uno de los países con los precios y los impuestos más bajo del mundo. Se estima que los subsidios de ECOPETROl al consumo de combustibles le han costado anualmente a la empresa alrededor del 1% del PIB en los últimos cinco años. Si se tienen en cuenta los impuestos al consumo de dichos bienes cobrados por los diferentes niveles de la administración pública, el subsidio real recibido por los consumidores se reduce considerablemente, inclusive al punto de convertirse para algunos años en un verdadero impuesto. Se estima que un incremento en los precios de la gasolina y el ACPM del 20% en 2004 implican una inflación adicional de 0.54%, 0.44% proveniente de la gasolina y 0.1% del ACPM.

Suggested Citation

  • Hernán Rincón & Aaron Garavito, 2004. "Mercado Actual de la Gasolina y del ACPM en Colombia e Inflación," Borradores de Economia 287, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:287
    DOI: 10.32468/be.287

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Mr. Gerd Schwartz & Réjane Hugounenq & Mr. Benedict J. Clements, 1995. "Government Subsidies: Concepts, International Trends, and Reform Options," IMF Working Papers 1995/091, International Monetary Fund.
    2. Schwartz, Gerd & Clements, Benedict, 1999. "Government Subsidies," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 13(2), pages 119-147, April.
    3. Guillermo Perry & Eduardo Lora, 1992. "Estrategias de manejo de los precios de los hidrocarburos en el corto y el largo plazo," Coyuntura Económica, Fedesarrollo, vol. 22(2), pages 125-147, July.
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    Cited by:

    1. Mendoza, Miguel Ángel, 2014. "Panorama preliminar de los subsidios y los impuestos a las gasolinas y diésel en los países de América Latina," Documentos de Proyectos 37431, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
    2. Hernán Rincón & Ignacio Lozano & Jorge Ramos, 2008. "Rentas petroleras, subsidios e impuestos a los combustibles en Colombia: ¿Qué ocurrió durante el choque reciente de precios?," Borradores de Economia 541, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.

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    More about this item


    Estructura de Mercado; Política de Precios; Precio de Paridad de Importación; Subsidio; Inflación.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D24 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Production; Cost; Capital; Capital, Total Factor, and Multifactor Productivity; Capacity
    • D61 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Allocative Efficiency; Cost-Benefit Analysis
    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • E64 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Incomes Policy; Price Policy
    • E65 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Studies of Particular Policy Episodes
    • H2 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue
    • H71 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - State and Local Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue

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