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The Management of Coffee: Bonanzas and Crisis: Political Economy Issues

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  • Roberto Junguito

Abstract

The analysis of the impacts of coffe bonanzas and crisis on the Colombian economy, given its importance, has been one of the favorite topics of research both by colombian and foreign economists, Cárdenas(1991);Carkovic (1992); Cuddington (1986); Ocampo (1994); Posada(1992);Urrutia and Suescún(1994). The political economy aspects behind the policy response by colombian authorities has not had similar emphasis in the literature. Such is the topic of this paper. The article stars with a historical overview of the international coffee price with the purpose of identifying the major periods of bonanzas and crissi. In a chronological pattern, the paper discusses the main institutional and political economy issues that took place then and the extent to which they may explain the macroeconomic response to bonanzas and crisis. The paper singles out the key role traditionally played by the coffee growers represented through the National Federation of Coffee Growers and poses the question of what should be its future role, in a country where coffee has lost its importance in foreign exchange earnings and in GDP, but where the coffee activity continues to be an important source of rural employment and where the coffee producers maintain a political and economic leadership in key regions of the country.

Suggested Citation

  • Roberto Junguito, 1996. "The Management of Coffee: Bonanzas and Crisis: Political Economy Issues," Borradores de Economia 053, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:053
    DOI: 10.32468/be.53
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. John Cuddington, 1986. "Bonanzas de productos básicos, estabilización macroeconómica y reforma comercial en Colombia," Revista ESPE - Ensayos Sobre Política Económica, Banco de la República - ESPE, vol. 5(10), pages 45-100, December.
    2. Carlos F. Diaz-Alejandro, 1976. "Foreign Trade Regimes and Economic Development: Colombia," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number diaz76-1, May.
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    Cited by:

    1. Lucas Wilfried Hahn-De-Castro & Adolfo Meisel-Roca, 2018. "La desigualdad económica entre las regiones de Colombia, 1926-2016," Cuadernos de Historia Económica 016428, Banco de la República - Economía Regional.

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