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La rama de servicios en España: un análisis comparado

  • Soledad Núñez

    (Banco de España)

  • Miguel Pérez

    (Banco de España)

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    Este trabajo pretende señalar los principales rasgos que la rama de servicios presenta en la economía española. Para ello, se compara el comportamiento de una serie de variables económicas -valor añadido, empleo, productividad, deflactores y costes laborales unitarios-, desde tres perspectivas: temporal, geográfica -entre España, la UE y EEUU-; y sectorial -entre las distintas ramas que componen los servicios-. El período de análisis abarca desde 1980 hasta 1997 y los datos utilizados provienen de la Contabilidad Nacional, según la metodología del SEC-79, y se han obtenido de Eurostat. Del análisis realizado se desprende que la rama de servicios en España presenta las regularidades empíricas generalmente observadas en las economías avanzadas: una mayor inflación, un menor crecimiento de la productividad, una mayor generación de empleo y, en los servicios no destinados a la venta, un comportamiento cíclico más suave que el del conjunto de la economía. También se concluye que la evolución del conjunto de la rama de servicios en España ha seguido pautas comunes a las de las principales economías de su entorno. Las diferencias observadas son, con la excepción del carácter anticíclico de la productividad, mas de grado que de tendencia: en España la productividad ha tenido un crecimiento menor en la mayor parte de las ramas de servicios, la generación de empleo ha sido mayor y los precios han experimentado una evolución más desfavorable que en el conjunto de la UE.

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    File URL: http://www.bde.es/f/webbde/SES/Secciones/Publicaciones/PublicacionesSeriadas/DocumentosTrabajo/00/Fic/dt0007.pdf
    File Function: First version, 2000
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    Paper provided by Banco de Espa�a in its series Banco de Espa�a Working Papers with number 0007.

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    Length: 30 pages
    Date of creation: 2000
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:bde:wpaper:0007
    Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.bde.es/
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    1. Dinah Maclean, 1997. "Lagging Productivity Growth in the Service Sector: Mismeasurement, Mismanagement or Misinformation?," Working Papers 97-6, Bank of Canada.
    2. Zvi Griliches, 1992. "Output Measurement in the Service Sectors," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number gril92-1, December.
    3. Juan J. Dolado & Miguel Sebastián & Javier Vallés, 1993. "Cyclical Patterns of the Spanish Economy," Banco de Espa�a Working Papers 9324, Banco de Espa�a.
    4. Robert J. Gordon, 1996. "Problems in the Measurement and Performance of Service-Sector Productivity in the United States," NBER Working Papers 5519, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Daniel E. Sichel, 2000. "The Productivity Slowdown: Is A Growing Unmeasurable Sector The Culprit?," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 79(3), pages 367-370, August.
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