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FuX, an android app that generates counterpoint


  • HERREMANS, Dorien
  • SÖRENSEN, Kenneth


This paper describes the implementation of an Android application, called FuX1, that can continuously play a stream of newly generated fifth species counterpoint. A variable neighborhood search algorithm is implemented in order to generate the music. This algorithm is a modification of an algorithm developed previously by the authors to generate musical fragments of a pre-specified length [28]. The changes in the algorithm allow the Android app to play a continuous stream of music. The objective function used to evaluate the quality of the fragment is based on a quantification of the extensive rules of this musical style. FuX is a user friendly application that can be installed on any Android phone of tablet.

Suggested Citation

  • HERREMANS, Dorien & SÖRENSEN, Kenneth, 2013. "FuX, an android app that generates counterpoint," Working Papers 2013003, University of Antwerp, Faculty of Applied Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:ant:wpaper:2013003

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Avanthay, Cedric & Hertz, Alain & Zufferey, Nicolas, 2003. "A variable neighborhood search for graph coloring," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 151(2), pages 379-388, December.
    2. Aguilera, Gabriel & Luis Galán, José & Madrid, Rafael & Martínez, Antonio Manuel & Padilla, Yolanda & Rodríguez, Pedro, 2010. "Automated generation of contrapuntal musical compositions using probabilistic logic in Derive," Mathematics and Computers in Simulation (MATCOM), Elsevier, vol. 80(6), pages 1200-1211.
    3. HERREMANS, Dorien & SÖRENSEN, Kenneth, 2012. "Composing Fifth Species Counterpoint Music With Variable Neighborhood Search," Working Papers 2012020, University of Antwerp, Faculty of Applied Economics.
    4. Hansen, Pierre & Mladenovic, Nenad, 2001. "Variable neighborhood search: Principles and applications," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 130(3), pages 449-467, May.
    5. Fleszar, Krzysztof & Hindi, Khalil S., 2004. "Solving the resource-constrained project scheduling problem by a variable neighbourhood search," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 155(2), pages 402-413, June.
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    Cited by:

    1. HERREMANS, Dorien & WEISSER, Stéphanie & SÖRENSEN, Kenneth & CONKLIN, Darrell, 2014. "Generating structured music using quality metrics based on Markov models," Working Papers 2014019, University of Antwerp, Faculty of Applied Economics.

    More about this item


    Variable Neighborhood Search (VNS); Metaheuristics; Local search; Music; Computer Aided Composition (CAC); Android;

    JEL classification:

    • C6 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling
    • C8 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Data Collection and Data Estimation Methodology; Computer Programs
    • C61 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Optimization Techniques; Programming Models; Dynamic Analysis

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