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The Role of Immigrants in the ‘Take-Offs’ of Eastern European ‘Manchesters.’ A Comparative Case Studies of Three Cities: Lodz, Tampere, and Ivanovo

Author

Listed:
  • Kamil Kowalski

    (University of Lodz)

  • Rafal Matera

    (University of Lodz)

  • Mariusz E. Sokolowicz

    (University of Lodz)

Abstract

In this paper, we try to identify the institutional offers for emigrants and evaluate the role of immigrants at the time of the industrial revolution in the nineteenth century history of three cities where the dynamic growth and the ‘take-offs’ depended largely on newcomers. In all cases, the industry was the main factor that led to the ‘take-off’ in terms of the number of inhabitants and also the creation of the bourgeoisie as a socio-economic class. In our paper we reveal key institutional and geographical factors that accelerated the unprecedent waves of immigrants (with different strengths in different cities) to these Eastern European ‘Manchesters’ and made their role central to urban economic development. Their activity was the result of advantageous institutional circumstances connected with changes in the borders, the appearance of governments, and new local management being strictly related to changes in customs policy or extraordinary international situations.

Suggested Citation

  • Kamil Kowalski & Rafal Matera & Mariusz E. Sokolowicz, 2019. "The Role of Immigrants in the ‘Take-Offs’ of Eastern European ‘Manchesters.’ A Comparative Case Studies of Three Cities: Lodz, Tampere, and Ivanovo," Lodz Economics Working Papers 5/2019, University of Lodz, Faculty of Economics and Sociology.
  • Handle: RePEc:ann:wpaper:5/2019
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/11089/31051
    File Function: First version, 2019
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. G. Hodgson., 2007. "What Are Institutions?," VOPROSY ECONOMIKI, N.P. Redaktsiya zhurnala "Voprosy Economiki", vol. 8.
    2. Ran Abramitzky & Leah Boustan, 2017. "Immigration in American Economic History," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 55(4), pages 1311-1345, December.
    3. Roland Verwiebe & Laura Wiesböck & Roland Teitzer, 2014. "New forms of intra-European migration, labour market dynamics and social inequality in Europe," Migration Letters, Transnational Press London, UK, vol. 11(2), pages 125-136, May.
    4. Everett Lee, 1966. "A theory of migration," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 3(1), pages 47-57, March.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    J15; J61; K37; N23;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
    • K37 - Law and Economics - - Other Substantive Areas of Law - - - Immigration Law
    • N23 - Economic History - - Financial Markets and Institutions - - - Europe: Pre-1913

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