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Product Quality In The Canadian Dairy Industry

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  • Nogueira, Lia
  • Baylis, Katherine R.

Abstract

Supply management has been shown to increase the price of milk. Technological change has induced (and allowed) processors to substitute alternative inputs, many of which can be imported tariff-free, for the traditional ingredients to lower costs and maximize profit. Meanwhile, there has been a great deal of consolidation in the dairy processing industry. We analyse the effect of these trends on cheese quality by measuring the increase in casein imports. Results suggest that supply management is negatively affecting cheese quality, by increasing casein imports due to the higher milk price. Furthermore, we were able to calculate that approximately 9.8% of specialty cheese is produced used casein. A 22% ad valorem tariff is needed to drive casein imports down to zero.

Suggested Citation

  • Nogueira, Lia & Baylis, Katherine R., 2004. "Product Quality In The Canadian Dairy Industry," Working Papers 15844, University of British Columbia, Food and Resource Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:ubcwps:15844
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Timothy J. Richards & Scott R. Jeffrey, 1997. "The Effect of Supply Management on Herd Size in Alberta Dairy," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 79(2), pages 555-565.
    2. Ishikawa, Jota & Spencer, Barbara J., 1999. "Rent-shifting export subsidies with an imported intermediate product," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 48(2), pages 199-232, August.
    3. Beath,John & Katsoulacos,Yannis, 1991. "The Economic Theory of Product Differentiation," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521335263, May.
    4. L. Lambertini, 1998. "Does Monopoly Undersupply Product Quality?," Working Papers 317, Dipartimento Scienze Economiche, Universita' di Bologna.
    5. Andrew Schmitz & Troy G. Schmitz, 1994. "Supply Management: The Past and Future," Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics/Revue canadienne d'agroeconomie, Canadian Agricultural Economics Society/Societe canadienne d'agroeconomie, vol. 42(2), pages 125-148, July.
    6. Karl Meilke & Rakhal Sarker & Danny Roy, 1998. "The Potential for Increased Trade in Milk and Dairy Products between Canada and the United States under Trade Liberalization," Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics/Revue canadienne d'agroeconomie, Canadian Agricultural Economics Society/Societe canadienne d'agroeconomie, vol. 46(2), pages 149-169, July.
    7. Timothy J. Richards, 1996. "The Effect of Supply Management on Dairy Productivity," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 29(s1), pages 458-462, April.
    8. Acharyya, Rajat, 1998. "Monopoly and product quality: Separating or pooling menu?," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 61(2), pages 187-194, November.
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    Keywords

    Industrial Organization;

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