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Trends and Determinants of Research Driven Total Factor Productivity in Indian Wheat


  • R, Sendhil
  • P, Ramasundaram
  • P, Anbukkani
  • Singh, Randhir
  • Sharma, Indu


Productivity, technology and efficiency drive agricultural growth through research. The total factor productivity (TFP) being increase in rate of growth of output over the rate of growth of inputs, its decline is a major concern and policy priority in the context of sustainable food production. This paper examines the wheat TFP in India during 2001-02 to 2010-11 across regions. The TFP determinants were discussed in terms of technological progress and technical efficiency. Inputs usage barring human labor and animal power, was intensive and registered positive growth. The mean TFP declined by 1 per cent. The slowdown is attributed to decline in the technological progress by 1.1 per cent despite a marginal increase in the efficiency by 0.1 per cent. The capital intensive new sciences need to be harnessed for breaking yield barriers. Higher allocation of funds to research and extension is needed for technological progress and efficiency gains.

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  • R, Sendhil & P, Ramasundaram & P, Anbukkani & Singh, Randhir & Sharma, Indu, 2015. "Trends and Determinants of Research Driven Total Factor Productivity in Indian Wheat," 2015 Conference, August 9-14, 2015, Milan, Italy 212491, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:iaae15:212491

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    1. Shilpa Chaudhary, 2012. "Trends in Total Factor Productivity in Indian Agriculture: State-level Evidence using non-parametric Sequential Malmquist Index," Working papers 215, Centre for Development Economics, Delhi School of Economics.
    2. Bhushan, Surya, 2005. "Total Factor Productivity Growth of Wheat in India: A Malmquist Approach," Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics, Indian Society of Agricultural Economics, vol. 60(1), pages 1-17.
    3. Chand, Ramesh & Kumar, Praduman & Kumar, Sant, 2012. "Total Factor Productivity and Returns to Public Investment on Agricultural Research in India," Agricultural Economics Research Review, Agricultural Economics Research Association (India), vol. 25(2), pages 1-14.
    4. Charnes, A. & Cooper, W. W. & Rhodes, E., 1978. "Measuring the efficiency of decision making units," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 2(6), pages 429-444, November.
    5. Caves, Douglas W & Christensen, Laurits R & Diewert, W Erwin, 1982. "The Economic Theory of Index Numbers and the Measurement of Input, Output, and Productivity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 50(6), pages 1393-1414, November.
    6. Laurits R. Christensen, 1975. "Concepts and Measurement of Agricultural Productivity," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 57(5), pages 910-915.
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    Crop Production/Industries; Research and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies;

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