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Accounting for Geographic Heterogeneity in Recreation Demand Models


  • Sardana, Kavita
  • Bowker, James Michael
  • Bergstrom, John C.
  • Starbuck, C. Meghan
  • English, Donald B.K.


Spatial differences in site characteristics and user populations may result in heterogeneity of recreation preferences and values across geographic regions. Non-linear mixed effects models provide a potential means of accounting for this heterogeneity. This approach was tested by estimating a national-level recreation demand model with encouraging results.

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  • Sardana, Kavita & Bowker, James Michael & Bergstrom, John C. & Starbuck, C. Meghan & English, Donald B.K., 2008. "Accounting for Geographic Heterogeneity in Recreation Demand Models," 2008 Annual Meeting, July 27-29, 2008, Orlando, Florida 6437, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:aaea08:6437

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    1. Greene, William, 2007. "Functional Form and Heterogeneity in Models for Count Data," Foundations and Trends(R) in Econometrics, now publishers, vol. 1(2), pages 113-218, August.
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