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Endogenous Growth Models And The Environmental Kuznets Curve: An Analysis Of Global Environmental Sustainability


  • Bhattarai, Gandhi Raj
  • Hite, Diane
  • Hatch, L. Upton
  • Thompson, Henry


Fertilizer consumption per cubic meter of freshwater is taken as a proxy for global water quality indicator. A global model of environmental quality for 121 countries confirms the Kuznet's hypothesis. Global turning point is reached at nearly five times the average income of all countries. Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) was significant to increase the national income. Increased aid and larger farm size per capita favored higher environmental quality, albeit insignificant. A flow of better technology and possible non-agricultural employment might help improve water quality in developing countries when their net income increases.

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  • Bhattarai, Gandhi Raj & Hite, Diane & Hatch, L. Upton & Thompson, Henry, 2003. "Endogenous Growth Models And The Environmental Kuznets Curve: An Analysis Of Global Environmental Sustainability," 2003 Annual meeting, July 27-30, Montreal, Canada 22212, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:aaea03:22212

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Schubert, Renate & Dietz, Simon, 2001. "Environmental Kuznets Curve, Biodiversity And Sustainability," Discussion Papers 18748, University of Bonn, Center for Development Research (ZEF).
    2. Joseph Lekakis, 2000. "Environment and Development in a Southern European Country: Which Environmental Kuznets Curves?," Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 43(1), pages 139-153.
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    Environmental Economics and Policy;


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