Environmental Standards And Dirty Exports: A Case Study Analysis Of 24 Countries
This paper examines how the stringency of environmental regulations impact international trade patterns. It explores the hypothesis that environmental regulation does not have a significant impact on trade. An econometric analysis is conducted for 24 countries ranging from highly developed to extremely poor to investigate whether environmental regulations have a significant impact on countries exports of pollution intensive goods. This econometric model extends Leamer (1984)'s cross-section Heckscher-Ohlin-Vanek (HOV) model by incorporating measures of stringency of environmental regulation. Correlation between capital intensity and exports are mitigated by grouping the sample countries. The results suggest that Metal, Steels, Pulp and Paper, and Chemicals Industries exhibit a negative relationship.
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- Dean, Judith M., 1992. "Trade and the environment : a survey of the literature," Policy Research Working Paper Series 966, The World Bank.
- Levinson, Arik, 1996. "Environmental regulations and manufacturers' location choices: Evidence from the Census of Manufactures," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 62(1-2), pages 5-29, October.
- Keith E. Maskus, 1991. "Comparing International Trade Data and Product and National Characteristics Data for the Analysis of Trade Models," NBER Chapters, in: International Economic Transactions: Issues in Measurement and Empirical Research, pages 17-60 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Lucas, Robert E.B. & Wheeler, David & Hettige, Hemamala, 1992. "Economic development, environmental regulation, and the international migration of toxic industrial pollution : 1960-88," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1062, The World Bank.
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