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Goods Trade and International Equity Portfolios

Author

Listed:
  • Fabrice Collard

    () (School of Economics, University of Adelaide)

  • Harris Dellas

    () (Department of Economics, University of Bern)

  • Behzad Diba

    (Department of Economics, Georgetown University)

  • Alan Stockman

    (Department of Economics, University of Rochester)

Abstract

We show that international trade in goods is the main determinant of international equity portfolios and it also offers a compelling - theoretically and empirically - resolution of the portfolio home bias puzzle. The model implies that investors can achieve full international risk diversification if the share of wealth invested in foreign equity matches their country's degree of openness (the imports to GDP share). The empirical evidence strongly supports this implication.

Suggested Citation

  • Fabrice Collard & Harris Dellas & Behzad Diba & Alan Stockman, 2009. "Goods Trade and International Equity Portfolios," School of Economics Working Papers 2009-14, University of Adelaide, School of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:adl:wpaper:2009-14
    as

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    File URL: http://www.economics.adelaide.edu.au/research/papers/doc/wp2009-14.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Jonathan Heathcote & Fabrizio Perri, 2013. "The International Diversification Puzzle Is Not as Bad as You Think," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 121(6), pages 1108-1159.
    2. French, Kenneth R & Poterba, James M, 1991. "Investor Diversification and International Equity Markets," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 81(2), pages 222-226, May.
    3. Tesar, Linda L., 1993. "International risk-sharing and non-traded goods," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 35(1-2), pages 69-89, August.
    4. Ariel Burstein & Martin Eichenbaum & Sergio Rebelo, 2005. "Large Devaluations and the Real Exchange Rate," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 113(4), pages 742-784, August.
    5. Coeurdacier, Nicolas, 2009. "Do trade costs in goods market lead to home bias in equities?," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 77(1), pages 86-100, February.
    6. Stockman, Alan C & Tesar, Linda L, 1995. "Tastes and Technology in a Two-Country Model of the Business Cycle: Explaining International Comovements," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 85(1), pages 168-185, March.
    7. Aviat, Antonin & Coeurdacier, Nicolas, 2007. "The geography of trade in goods and asset holdings," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 71(1), pages 22-51, March.
    8. Tesar, Linda L. & Werner, Ingrid M., 1995. "Home bias and high turnover," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 14(4), pages 467-492, August.
    9. Kang, Jun-Koo & Stulz, Rene M., 1997. "Why is there a home bias? An analysis of foreign portfolio equity ownership in Japan," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 46(1), pages 3-28, October.
    10. Baxter, Marianne & Jermann, Urban J. & King, Robert G., 1998. "Nontraded goods, nontraded factors, and international non-diversification," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 44(2), pages 211-229, April.
    11. Robert Kollmann, 2006. "A Dynamic Equilibrium Model of International Portfolio Holdings: Comment," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 74(1), pages 269-273, January.
    12. Kollmann, Robert, 2006. "International Portfolio Equilibrium and the Current Account," CEPR Discussion Papers 5512, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    13. Angel Serrat, 2001. "A Dynamic Equilibrium Model of International Portfolio Holdings," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 69(6), pages 1467-1489, November.
    14. Stockman, Alan C. & Dellas, Harris, 1989. "International portfolio nondiversification and exchange rate variability," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 26(3-4), pages 271-289, May.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Hnatkovska, Viktoria, 2010. "Home bias and high turnover: Dynamic portfolio choice with incomplete markets," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 80(1), pages 113-128, January.
    2. Hassan, Tarek A. & Mertens, Thomas M. & Zhang, Tony, 2016. "Not so disconnected: Exchange rates and the capital stock," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 99(S1), pages 43-57.
    3. Philipp Harms & Mathias Hoffmann & Christina Ortseifer, 2015. "The Home Bias in Equities and Distribution Costs," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 117(3), pages 983-1018, July.
    4. Dellas, Harris & Tavlas, George, 2013. "Exchange rate regimes and asset prices," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 85-94.
    5. Nicolas Coeurdacier & Hélène Rey, 2013. "Home Bias in Open Economy Financial Macroeconomics," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 51(1), pages 63-115, March.
    6. Tarek A. Hassan, 2013. "Country Size, Currency Unions, and International Asset Returns," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 68(6), pages 2269-2308, December.
    7. Tarek Alexander Hassan, 2010. "Country Size, Currency Areas, and International Asset Returns," 2010 Meeting Papers 365, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    8. repec:onb:oenbwp:y::i:154:b:1 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Leon, Jorge, 2010. "International Portfolios and the U.S. Current Account," MPRA Paper 45281, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    10. Geromichalos, Athanasios & Simonovska, Ina, 2014. "Asset liquidity and international portfolio choice," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 151(C), pages 342-380.
    11. Tobias Broer, 2008. "The home bias of the poor: terms of trade effects and portfolios across the wealth distribution," Economics Working Papers ECO2008/28, European University Institute.
    12. Gianluca Benigno & Hande Küçük, 2012. "Portfolio allocation and international risk sharing," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 45(2), pages 535-565, May.
    13. Islamaj Ergys, 2014. "Industrial specialization, financial integration and international consumption risk sharing," The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics, De Gruyter, vol. 14(1), pages 1-33, January.
    14. van Wincoop, Eric & Warnock, Francis E., 2010. "Can trade costs in goods explain home bias in assets?," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 29(6), pages 1108-1123, October.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Portfolio home bias; imports; non-traded goods;

    JEL classification:

    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy

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