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Business R&D Expenditure in the ICT Sector: Effects on Business Performance Indicators

In: Proceedings of the ENTRENOVA - ENTerprise REsearch InNOVAtion Conference, Rovinj, Croatia, 12-14 September 2019


  • Huňady, Ján
  • Pisar, Peter
  • Durcekova, Ina


Firms in information and communication (ICT) sector are often considered as an important element of business innovation performance in the economy. This paper is focused on examining their share on innovation and total research and development (R&D) expenditure in selected European countries. Moreover, our goal is to test the potential effect of R&D expenditure on selected business performance indicators. We used panel macro-level data from 24 countries during the years 2008- 2016. Based on the results of panel regression analysis we found empirical evidence for the positive effect of R&D expenditure on value-added and apparent labour productivity in the ICT sector. This fact could be to some extent attributed to the innovation of products and processes. The highest share of business R&D expenditure in ICT is present in Nordic countries such as Island, Norway and Finland. Firms in ICT appear to be more above-average innovative and represent a significant share of total business R&D expenditure.

Suggested Citation

  • Huňady, Ján & Pisar, Peter & Durcekova, Ina, 2019. "Business R&D Expenditure in the ICT Sector: Effects on Business Performance Indicators," Proceedings of the ENTRENOVA - ENTerprise REsearch InNOVAtion Conference (2019), Rovinj, Croatia, in: Proceedings of the ENTRENOVA - ENTerprise REsearch InNOVAtion Conference, Rovinj, Croatia, 12-14 September 2019, pages 519-530, IRENET - Society for Advancing Innovation and Research in Economy, Zagreb.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:entr19:207714

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Khanna, Rupika & Sharma, Chandan, 2018. "Testing the effect of investments in IT and R&D on labour productivity: New method and evidence for Indian firms," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 173(C), pages 30-34.
    2. Jun-Hwan Park & Bangrae Lee & Yeong-Ho Moon & GyuSeok Kim & Lee-Nam Kwon, 2018. "Relation of R&D expense to turnover and number of listed companies in all industrial fields," Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 4(1), pages 1-15, March.
    3. Kao-Yi Shen & Min-Ren Yan & Gwo-Hshiung Tzeng, 2017. "Exploring R&D Influences on Financial Performance for Business Sustainability Considering Dual Profitability Objectives," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 9(11), pages 1-21, October.
    4. Bronwyn H. Hall & Francesca Lotti & Jacques Mairesse, 2013. "Evidence on the impact of R&D and ICT investments on innovation and productivity in Italian firms," Economics of Innovation and New Technology, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 22(3), pages 300-328, April.
    5. Pieri, Fabio & Vecchi, Michela & Venturini, Francesco, 2018. "Modelling the joint impact of R&D and ICT on productivity: A frontier analysis approach," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 47(9), pages 1842-1852.
    6. Edquist, Harald & Henrekson, Magnus, 2017. "Swedish lessons: How important are ICT and R&D to economic growth?," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 1-12.
    7. Canarella, Giorgio & Miller, Stephen M., 2018. "The determinants of growth in the U.S. information and communication technology (ICT) industry: A firm-level analysis," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 70(C), pages 259-271.
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    More about this item


    business R&D expenditure; business innovation; ICT sector; business performance; financial indicators;

    JEL classification:

    • O30 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - General
    • G31 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Capital Budgeting; Fixed Investment and Inventory Studies
    • M21 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Economics - - - Business Economics


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