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U.S. Political Pressure and Economic Liberalization in East Asia

In: Regionalism and Rivalry: Japan and the United States in Pacific Asia


  • Takatoshi Ito


The object of this paper is two-fold. First, the paper evalutes U.S. pressure for economic liberalization in Japan. Second, its implications for economic and political aspects of the East Asian regional future will be discussed. I will argue that there have been three types of the U.S. pressure on Japan: (i) The traditional type with VERs and other export-limiting measures on Japan; (ii) The SII/MOSS -type in that market access of Japan, which improves the Japanese consumers' welfare, is discussed; and (iii) The result-oriented type where unilateral U.S. gains are sought. The pressure from the United States will not turn Japan to the Asian countories for now. Japan still lacks a market to absorb Asian goods or an idea and principle to lead the Asian countries. However, if EC and NAFTA becomes a reality, the Asian bloc may be formed as a reaction to them.
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  • Takatoshi Ito, 1993. "U.S. Political Pressure and Economic Liberalization in East Asia," NBER Chapters,in: Regionalism and Rivalry: Japan and the United States in Pacific Asia, pages 391-422 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberch:7843

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    1. Alberto Alesina & Geoffrey Carliner, 1991. "Introduction to "Politics and Economics in the Eighties"," NBER Chapters,in: Politics and Economics in the Eighties, pages 1-16 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. McCubbins, Mathew D & Noll, Roger G & Weingast, Barry R, 1987. "Administrative Procedures as Instruments of Political Control," Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization, Oxford University Press, vol. 3(2), pages 243-277, Fall.
    3. Alberto Alesina & Geoffrey Carliner, 1991. "Politics and Economics in the Eighties," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number ales91-1.
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