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Disability Pension Program and Labor Force Participation in Japan: An Historical Perspective

In: Social Security Programs and Retirement around the World: Historical Trends in Mortality and Health, Employment, and Disability Insurance Participation and Reforms

  • Takashi Oshio
  • Satoshi Shimizutani

This paper utilizes historical information to explore the relationship between labor force participation of middle aged and old people and the disability program in Japan. In particular, we explore the time series dimension to identify what has determined the trend in disability program participation over time and relate it with the labor supply. We find that mortality and health measures have been largely unrelated to the disability program participation rates. While major revisions to the disability program have slightly expanded the eligibility for DI programs, the program participation is still very low; thus, the effect on labor force participation is very limited in Japan, which is in contrast with some European countries that have high take up rates, inducing early retirement.

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This chapter was published in:
  • David A. Wise, 2012. "Social Security Programs and Retirement around the World: Historical Trends in Mortality and Health, Employment, and Disability Insurance Participation and Reforms," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number wise11-1, June.
  • This item is provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Chapters with number 12392.
    Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberch:12392
    Contact details of provider: Postal: National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Avenue Cambridge, MA 02138, U.S.A.
    Phone: 617-868-3900
    Web page: http://www.nber.org
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    1. Oshio, Takashi & Sato Oishi, Akiko & Shimizutani, Satoshi, 2008. "Social Security Reforms and Labor Force Participation of the Elderly in Japan," PIE/CIS Discussion Paper 407, Center for Intergenerational Studies, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.
    2. Oshio, Takashi & Shimizutani, Satoshi & Sato Oishi, Akiko, 2008. "Does Social Security Induce Withdrawal of the Old from the Labor Force and Create Jobs for the Young?: The Case of Japan," PIE/CIS Discussion Paper 408, Center for Intergenerational Studies, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.
    3. Agar Brugiavini & Tullio Jappelli & Guglielmo Weber, 2002. "The Survey on Health, Aging and Wealth," CSEF Working Papers 86, Centre for Studies in Economics and Finance (CSEF), University of Naples, Italy.
    4. ICHIMURA Hidehiko & SHIMIZUTANI Satoshi & HASHIMOTO Hideki, 2009. "JSTAR First Results 2009 Report," Discussion papers 09047, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
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