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Commitment Enhances Knowledge Sharing against Opportunismin New Product Development


  • Richard C.M. Yam

    (City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong)

  • Esther P.Y. Tang

    (Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong)

  • Cliff C.H. Chan

    (City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong)


In today business, firms are riding on the wave of globalization to enhance competitiveness through business networking or corporate collaboration. Firms inevitably need to share knowledge among different business partners, in particular, during new product development (NPD). However, knowledge sharing itself would invite opportunism, i. e. knowledge being leaked to other parties or competitors, which is regarded as a threat for innovation. This is the dilemma facing today’s global business. This study examines firm’s competitiveness in relation to firm’s commitment, knowledge sharing and potential opportunism. Data were collection through a questionnaire survey and the 220 valid responses were analysed using structural equation modelling. Our findings indicate that commitment among business partners would enhance knowledge sharing. Contradicting to many research findings, knowledge sharing among committed partner firms actually reduce rather than increase opportunism. Strong commitment between business partners encourages the willingness of firms to share knowledge and strengthen trust among firms which would subsequently reduce opportunism. This controversial finding is new to existing knowledge with strong managerial implication to encourage knowledge sharing among business partners.

Suggested Citation

  • Richard C.M. Yam & Esther P.Y. Tang & Cliff C.H. Chan, 2012. "Commitment Enhances Knowledge Sharing against Opportunismin New Product Development," Knowledge and Learning: Global Empowerment; Proceedings of the Management, Knowledge and Learning International Conference 2012, International School for Social and Business Studies, Celje, Slovenia.
  • Handle: RePEc:isv:mklp12:581-589

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Hau L. Lee & Kut C. So & Christopher S. Tang, 2000. "The Value of Information Sharing in a Two-Level Supply Chain," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 46(5), pages 626-643, May.
    2. Williamson, Oliver E, 1993. "Calculativeness, Trust, and Economic Organization," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 36(1), pages 453-486, April.
    3. Lode Li, 2002. "Information Sharing in a Supply Chain with Horizontal Competition," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 48(9), pages 1196-1212, September.
    4. Pankaj Ghemawat, 2003. "Semiglobalization and international business strategy," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Academy of International Business, vol. 34(2), pages 138-152, March.
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