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Die langfristige Entwicklung der Einkommensverteilung in Österreich


  • Alois Guger


  • Markus Marterbauer



Wie in den meisten Industriestaaten hat auch in Österreich in den letzten Jahrzehnten die Ungleichheit der funktionellen und personellen Einkommensverteilung zugenommen. Nach einem Anstieg der Lohnquote in den siebziger Jahren sank der Lohnanteil am Volkseinkommen seither vor allem durch die wachsende Arbeitslosigkeit und die starke Zunahme der Vermögenseinkommen deutlich. Innerhalb der Lohneinkommen wurde die Verteilung seit der zweiten Hälfte der siebziger Jahre und vor allem seit Mitte der neunziger Jahre merklich ungleicher: Der Anteil des obersten Einkommensquintils an den Gesamteinkommen erhöhte sich markant. Die positive Umverteilungswirkung des Sozialstaates durch direkte Steuern und Transfers hatte aber zur Folge, dass sich die Ungleichheit der verfügbaren Nettohaushaltseinkommen kaum ausweitete.

Suggested Citation

  • Alois Guger & Markus Marterbauer, 2004. "Die langfristige Entwicklung der Einkommensverteilung in Österreich," WIFO Studies, WIFO, number 25385, июль.
  • Handle: RePEc:wfo:wstudy:25385

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Alois Guger & Silvia Rocha-Akis, 2016. "Umverteilung durch den Staat in Österreich," WIFO Monatsberichte (monthly reports), WIFO, vol. 89(5), pages 329-345, May.
    2. repec:wfo:wquart:y:1996:i:4:p:185-196 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Alois Guger & Silvia Rocha-Akis, 2016. "Redistribution by the State in Austria," WIFO Bulletin, WIFO, vol. 21(11), pages 100-115, September.
    4. Markus Marterbauer & Ewald Walterskirchen, 2003. "Bestimmungsgründe der Lohnquote und der realen Lohnstückkosten," WIFO Monatsberichte (monthly reports), WIFO, vol. 76(2), pages 151-159, February.
    5. repec:wfo:wstudy:24078 is not listed on IDEAS
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    Cited by:

    1. Arne Heise, 2006. "A Post-Kaleckian, Post-Olsonian Approach to Unemployment and Income Inequality in Modern Varieties of Capitalism," Annals of Economics and Finance, Society for AEF, vol. 7(2), pages 357-383, November.
    2. repec:wfo:wstudy:39955 is not listed on IDEAS


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