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Education in Ethiopia : Strengthening the Foundation for Sustainable Progress

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  • World Bank

Abstract

With the end of civil war in 1991, Ethiopia's government launched a New Education and Training Policy in 1994 which, by the early 2000s, had already produced remarkable results. The gross enrollment ratio rose from 20 to 62 percent in primary education between 1993-94 and 2001-02; and in secondary and higher education it climbed, respectively, from 8 to 12 percent and from 0.5 to 1.7 percent. Yet the government can hardly afford to rest on its laurels. Primary education is still not universal, and already there are concerns about plummeting educational quality and the growing pressures to expand post-primary education. Addressing these challenges will require more resources, both public and private. Yet money alone is insufficient. Focusing on primary and secondary education, this report argues for wise tradeoffs in the use of resources-a result that will often require reforming the arrangements for service delivery. These changes, in turn, need to be fostered by giving lower levels of government more leeway to adapt central standards-such as those for teacher recruitment and school construction-to local conditions, including local resource constraints; and by strengthening accountability for results at all levels of administration in the education system.

Suggested Citation

  • World Bank, 2005. "Education in Ethiopia : Strengthening the Foundation for Sustainable Progress," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 7434.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbpubs:7434
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    File URL: https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/bitstream/handle/10986/7434/343520PAPER0ET101OFFICIAL0USE0ONLY1.pdf?sequence=1
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Verwimp, Phillip, 1996. "Estimating Returns to Education in Off-Farm Activities in Rural Ethiopia," Ethiopian Journal of Economics, Ethiopian Economics Association, vol. 5(2).
    2. Taye Mengistae, 1998. "Wage rates and job queues: does the public sector overpay in Ethiopia?," CSAE Working Paper Series 1998-20, Centre for the Study of African Economies, University of Oxford.
    3. Abay, Afaw & Assefa, Admassie, 1996. "The Impact of education on A locative and Technical Efficiency of Farmers: The Case of Ethiopian Small Holders," Ethiopian Journal of Economics, Ethiopian Economics Association, vol. 5(1).
    4. Rosenzweig, Mark R, 1995. "Why Are There Returns to Schooling?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, pages 153-158.
    5. repec:fth:oxesaf:2000-5 is not listed on IDEAS
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Heather Congdon Fors & Kenneth Houngbedji & Annika Lindskog, 2015. "Land Certification and Schooling in Rural Ethiopia," PSE Working Papers halshs-01202695, HAL.
    2. Congdon Fors, Heather & Houngbedji, Kenneth & Lindskog, Annika, 2015. "Land Certification and Schooling in Rural Ethiopia," Working Papers in Economics 628, University of Gothenburg, Department of Economics, revised Sep 2017.
    3. Ahmed, Ahmed Yibrie & Mihiretie, Dawit Mekonnen, 2015. "Primary school teachers and parents’ views on automatic promotion practices and its implications for education quality," International Journal of Educational Development, Elsevier, vol. 43(C), pages 90-99.
    4. Lindskog, Annika, 2011. "Does a Diversification Motive Influence Children’s School Entry in the Ethiopian Highlands?," Working Papers in Economics 494, University of Gothenburg, Department of Economics.
    5. Kamanda, Mamusu & Madise, Nyovani & Schnepf, Sylke, 2016. "Does living in a community with more educated mothers enhance children's school attendance? Evidence from Sierra Leone," International Journal of Educational Development, Elsevier, vol. 46(C), pages 114-124.
    6. World Bank, 2010. "Ethiopia : Re-Igniting Poverty Reduction in Urban Ethiopia through Inclusive Growth," World Bank Other Operational Studies 2921, The World Bank.
    7. Rajesh Ramachandran, 2012. "Language use in education and primary schooling attainment: evidence from a natural experiment in Ethiopia," Working Papers 2012/34, Institut d'Economia de Barcelona (IEB).
    8. Chicoine, Luke, 2016. "Free Primary Education, Schooling, and Fertility: Evidence from Ethiopia," IZA Discussion Papers 10387, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    9. Dendir, Seife, 2014. "Children's cognitive ability, schooling and work: Evidence from Ethiopia," International Journal of Educational Development, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 22-36.

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