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Global Findex Database 2017
[La base de datos Global Findex 2017]


  • Asli Demirguc-Kunt
  • Leora Klapper
  • Dorothe Singer
  • Saniya Ansar
  • Jake Hess


The Global Findex database is the world's most comprehensive set of data on how people make payments, save money, borrow and manage risk. Launched in 2011, it includes more than 100 financial inclusion indicators in a format allowing users to compare access to financial services among adults worldwide -- including by gender, age and household income. This third edition of the database was compiled in 2017 using nationally representative surveys in more than 140 developing and high-income countries. The database includes updated indicators on access to and use of formal and informal financial services. It features additional data on Fintech and digital financial services, including the use of mobile phones and internet technology to conduct financial transactions. Global Findex data is utilized to track progress toward the World Bank's goal of Universal Financial Access by 2020 and the United Nation's Sustainable Development Goals. The data also is a source for the G20 Financial Inclusion Indicators and a benchmark for policymakers seeking to expand access to and use of financial services. Lastly, this report discusses opportunities to expand access to financial services among the unbanked, and ways to promote greater use of digital financial services among the underbanked.

Suggested Citation

  • Asli Demirguc-Kunt & Leora Klapper & Dorothe Singer & Saniya Ansar & Jake Hess, 2018. "Global Findex Database 2017
    [La base de datos Global Findex 2017]
    ," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 29510.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbpubs:29510

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Pascaline Dupas & Dean Karlan & Jonathan Robinson & Diego Ubfal, 2018. "Banking the Unbanked? Evidence from Three Countries," American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, American Economic Association, vol. 10(2), pages 257-297, April.
    2. World Bank Group, 2017. "Good Practices for Financial Consumer Protection, 2017 Edition," World Bank Other Operational Studies 28996, The World Bank.
    3. Lasse Brune & Xavier Giné & Jessica Goldberg & Dean Yang, 2016. "Facilitating Savings for Agriculture: Field Experimental Evidence from Malawi," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 64(2), pages 187-220.
    4. Karthik Muralidharan & Paul Niehaus & Sandip Sukhtankar, 2016. "Building State Capacity: Evidence from Biometric Smartcards in India," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 106(10), pages 2895-2929, October.
    5. Karlan, Dean & Kendall, Jake & Mann, Rebecca & Pande, Rohini & Suri, Tavneet & Zinman, Jonathan, 2016. "Research and Impacts of Digital Financial Services," Working Paper Series 16-037, Harvard University, John F. Kennedy School of Government.
    6. Demirguc-Kunt,Asli & Klapper,Leora & Ansar,Saniya & Jagati,Aditya, 2017. "Making it easier to apply for a bank account: a study of the Indian market," Policy Research Working Paper Series 8205, The World Bank.
    7. Leora Klapper & Dorothe Singer, 2017. "The Opportunities and Challenges of Digitizing Government-to-Person Payments," World Bank Research Observer, World Bank Group, vol. 32(2), pages 211-226.
    8. William Jack & Tavneet Suri, 2014. "Risk Sharing and Transactions Costs: Evidence from Kenya's Mobile Money Revolution," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 104(1), pages 183-223, January.
    9. Richard Wright & Erdal Tekin & Volkan Topalli & Chandler McClellan & Timothy Dickinson & Richard Rosenfeld, 2017. "Less Cash, Less Crime: Evidence from the Electronic Benefit Transfer Program," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 60(2), pages 361-383.
    10. Margaret Miller & Julia Reichelstein & Christian Salas & Bilal Zia, 2015. "Can You Help Someone Become Financially Capable? A Meta-Analysis of the Literature," World Bank Research Observer, World Bank Group, vol. 30(2), pages 220-246.
    11. Pascaline Dupas & Jonathan Robinson, 2013. "Savings Constraints and Microenterprise Development: Evidence from a Field Experiment in Kenya," American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, American Economic Association, vol. 5(1), pages 163-192, January.
    12. Jamie M. Zimmerman & Silvia Baur, 2016. "Understanding How Consumer Risks in Digital Social Payments Can Erode Their Financial Inclusion Potential," World Bank Other Operational Studies 24568, The World Bank.
    13. Prina, Silvia, 2015. "Banking the poor via savings accounts: Evidence from a field experiment," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 115(C), pages 16-31.
    14. Demirguc-Kunt,Asli & Klapper,Leora & Singer,Dorothe, 2017. "Financial inclusion and inclusive growth : a review of recent empirical evidence," Policy Research Working Paper Series 8040, The World Bank.
    15. Jenny C. Aker & Rachid Boumnijel & Amanda McClelland & Niall Tierney, 2016. "Payment Mechanisms and Antipoverty Programs: Evidence from a Mobile Money Cash Transfer Experiment in Niger," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 65(1), pages 1-37.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    Blog mentions

    As found by, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
    1. Banking the Masses: 2018 Edition
      by Steve Cecchetti and Kim Schoenholtz in Money, Banking and Financial Markets on 2018-05-07 12:07:20


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Bonalumi, D. & Lasala, S. & Macchi, E., 2020. "CO2-TiCl4 working fluid for high-temperature heat source power cycles and solar application," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 147(P3), pages 2842-2854.
    2. Gern, Klaus-Jürgen & Hauber, Philipp & Kooths, Stefan & Stolzenburg, Ulrich, 2018. "Weltkonjunktur im Sommer 2018 - Weltwirtschaft mit etwas geringerer Dynamik," Kieler Konjunkturberichte 43, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).


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