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Sustainable Water Treatment Management

Author

Listed:
  • Md. Nazmul Aunsary

    () (Master Program of Green Technology for Sustainability, Nanhua University, Taiwan, No. 55 Sec.1 Nanhua Rd. Dalin Township Chiayi, 622 Taiwan.)

  • Bo-Ching Chen

    (Dean of Science Faculty, Nanhua University, Taiwan)

Abstract

Water, an essential element for life, makes up 71% of the planet’s surface. Paradoxically, 3.5% of this water is suitable for human consumption and other use, to be found in lakes, rivers, and springs to supply our physical and hygienic needs. Only 1% is available for drinking. The remaining 97.5%, located in seas and oceans, is not drinkable due to its high level of salinity. Raw water goes through a special method by dosing lime, bleaching powder and ferrous sulfate for treated water. On the other hand, Reverse, Osmosis is a membrane-based method technology to purify water from oceans and no need extra chemical. Reverse Osmosis technology is employed to get rid of dissolved solids, color, organic contaminants, and nitrate from the feed stream. It is low costing, energy-efficient also produce blue current. There is 1 square meter and with only 30% of its surface covered with Nano port we could reach 1 megawatt it’s enough to run fifty thousand standard energy-saving light. In this method, we can get available drinkable water also producing blue current. There is no other sustainable method all over the world to produce current without sunlight, turbine, or fossil fuel. Water desalination is the only way to get pure water and produce electric current both with low costing.

Suggested Citation

  • Md. Nazmul Aunsary & Bo-Ching Chen, 2019. "Sustainable Water Treatment Management," Water Conservation & Management (WCM), Zibeline International Publishing, vol. 3(2), pages 11-13, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:zib:zbnwcm:v:3:y:2019:i:2:p:11-13
    DOI: 10.26480/wcm.02.2019.11.13
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Sharon, H. & Reddy, K.S., 2015. "A review of solar energy driven desalination technologies," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 1080-1118.
    2. Pugsley, Adrian & Zacharopoulos, Aggelos & Mondol, Jayanta Deb & Smyth, Mervyn, 2016. "Global applicability of solar desalination," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 88(C), pages 200-219.
    3. David Katz & Arkadiy Shafran, 2019. "Transboundary Exchanges of Renewable Energy and Desalinated Water in the Middle East," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(8), pages 1-21, April.
    4. Li, Chennan & Goswami, Yogi & Stefanakos, Elias, 2013. "Solar assisted sea water desalination: A review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 19(C), pages 136-163.
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