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Export processing zones and growth triangle development: the case of the BIMP-EAGA, Southeast Asia

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  • Nathaniel Landingin

    (The University of Queensland, Australia)

  • David Wadley

    (The University of Queensland, Australia)

Abstract

Exorts processing zones (EPZs) and growth triangles have been two common Asian initiatives to increase wealth and regional competitiveness in the world economy. Since they are seldom analysed jointly, this paper investigates their mutuality in the development process. Taking the problematic case of the Brunei-Indonesia-Malaysia-Philippines East ASEAN Growth Area (BIMP-EAGA) triangle, we explore the role of EPZs in enhancing regional collaboration, competitiveness, and domestic linkages. Despite the triangle's weak economic complementarities, its processing zones are found capable of advancing development by furthering opportunities in regionalisation|localisation of production. Latterly, trade and investment liberalisation within ASEAN raises broad questions about the rationale of EPZs and growth triangles. Zone-triangle nexuses will require rethinking as, under different regulatory conditions, the zones compete more directly across ASEAN and also with global rivals. Copyright © 2005 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Suggested Citation

  • Nathaniel Landingin & David Wadley, 2005. "Export processing zones and growth triangle development: the case of the BIMP-EAGA, Southeast Asia," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 17(1), pages 67-96.
  • Handle: RePEc:wly:jintdv:v:17:y:2005:i:1:p:67-96
    DOI: 10.1002/jid.1138
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Romer, Paul, 1993. "Idea gaps and object gaps in economic development," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 32(3), pages 543-573, December.
    2. Hamada, Koichi, 1974. "An economic analysis of the duty-free zone," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 4(3), pages 225-241, August.
    3. Young, Leslie, 1987. "Intermediate goods and the formation of duty-free zones," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 25(2), pages 369-384, April.
    4. Johansson, Helena & Nilsson, Lars, 1997. "Export processing zones as catalysts," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 25(12), pages 2115-2128, December.
    5. repec:ilo:ilowps:251095 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Kreye O. & Heinrichs J. & Frobel F., 1987. "Export processing zones in developing countries : results of a new survey," ILO Working Papers 992510953402676, International Labour Organization.
    7. Young, Leslie, 1991. "Unemployment and the optimal export-processing zone," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 37(1-2), pages 369-385, November.
    8. Warr, Peter G, 1989. "Export Processing Zones: The Economics of Enclave Manufacturing," World Bank Research Observer, World Bank Group, vol. 4(1), pages 65-88, January.
    9. Young, Leslie & Miyagiwa, Kaz F., 1987. "Unemployment and the formation of duty-free zones," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 26(2), pages 397-405, August.
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    Cited by:

    1. Michael Fabinyi & Michael Pido & Eva Marie Ponce de Leon & Mary Aileen De las Alas & Jose Buenconsejo & Arselene Uyami-Bitara & Babylyn Harani & Jennelyn Caceres, 2014. "Fisheries Trade and Social Development in the Philippine-Malaysia Maritime Border Zone," Development Policy Review, Overseas Development Institute, vol. 32(6), pages 715-732, November.
    2. Plummer, Michael G., 2006. "Toward Win-Win Regionalism in Asia: Issues and Challenges in Forming Efficient Trade Agreements," Working Papers on Regional Economic Integration 5, Asian Development Bank.

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