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Hospital type and patient outcomes: an empirical examination using AMI readmission and mortality records

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  • Paul H. Jensen

    (Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, The University of Melbourne, Vic., Australia)

  • Elizabeth Webster

    (Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, The University of Melbourne, Vic., Australia)

  • Julia Witt

    (Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, The University of Melbourne, Vic., Australia)

Abstract

This paper investigates whether there are differences in patient outcomes across different types of hospitals using patient-level data on readmission and mortality associated with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Hospitals are grouped according to their ownership type (private, public teaching, public non-teaching) and their location (metropolitan, country and remote country). Using data collected from 130 Victorian hospitals on 19 000 patients admitted to a hospital with their first AMI between January 2001 and December 2003, we consider how the likelihood of unplanned re-admission and mortality varies across hospital type. We find that there are significant differences across hospital types in the observed patient outcomes - private hospitals persistently outperform public hospitals. Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Suggested Citation

  • Paul H. Jensen & Elizabeth Webster & Julia Witt, 2009. "Hospital type and patient outcomes: an empirical examination using AMI readmission and mortality records," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 18(12), pages 1440-1460.
  • Handle: RePEc:wly:hlthec:v:18:y:2009:i:12:p:1440-1460
    DOI: 10.1002/hec.1435
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Kurt R. Brekke & Luigi Siciliani & Odd Rune Straume, 2011. "Quality competition with profit constraints: Do non-profit firms provide higher quality than for-profit firms?," NIPE Working Papers 05/2011, NIPE - Universidade do Minho.
    2. Luigi Siciliani & Peter Sivey & Andrew Street, 2011. "Differences in Length of Stay between Public Hospitals, Treatment Centres and Private Providers: Selection or Efficiency?," Melbourne Institute Working Paper Series wp2011n06, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, The University of Melbourne.
    3. Alfons Palangkaraya & Jongsay Yong, 2013. "Effects of competition on hospital quality: an examination using hospital administrative data," The European Journal of Health Economics, Springer;Deutsche Gesellschaft für Gesundheitsökonomie (DGGÖ), vol. 14(3), pages 415-429, June.
    4. Brekke, Kurt R. & Siciliani, Luigi & Straume, Odd Rune, 2012. "Quality competition with profit constraints," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 84(2), pages 642-659.
    5. Giuseppe Moscelli & Hugh Gravelle & Luigi Siciliani & Nils Gutacker, 2017. "The effect of hospital ownership on quality of care: evidence from England," Working Papers 145cherp, Centre for Health Economics, University of York.
    6. Mareike Heimeshoff & Jonas Schreyögg & Oliver Tiemann, 2014. "Employment effects of hospital privatization in Germany," The European Journal of Health Economics, Springer;Deutsche Gesellschaft für Gesundheitsökonomie (DGGÖ), vol. 15(7), pages 747-757, September.

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