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The Child Care Labor Market

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  • David M. Blau

Abstract

This study provides the first systematic analysis of the labor market behavior and characteristics of child care workers in the United States. A nationally representative sample of over 4,000 child care workers from the 1977-87 March Current Population Surveys is used to provide an analysis of the characteristics of child care workers and to estimate a model of wages. The results indicate that child care workers' wages are generally unaffected by government subsidies and regulations, suggesting that the supply of child care labor is relatively elastic. Wages of child care workers have remained constant relative to other workers' wages from 1976-86 despite substantial real increases in child care subsidies. Relative wages of different classes of child care workers have also remained constant.

Suggested Citation

  • David M. Blau, 1992. "The Child Care Labor Market," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 27(1), pages 9-39.
  • Handle: RePEc:uwp:jhriss:v:27:y:1992:i:1:p:9-39
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Randal Heeb & M. Rebecca Kilburn, 2004. "The Effects of State Regulations on Childcare Prices and Choices," Working Papers WR-137-NICHD, RAND Corporation.
    2. Bergstrom, Ted & Blomquist, Soren, 1996. "The political economy of subsidized day care," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 12(3), pages 443-457, November.
    3. Randal Heeb & M. Rebecca Kilburn, 2004. "The Effects of State Regulations on Childcare Prices and Choices," Working Papers 137, RAND Corporation.
    4. H. Naci Mocan, 1995. "The Child Care Industry: Cost Functions, Efficiency, and Quality," NBER Working Papers 5293, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. SHIMIZUTANI Satoshi & SUZUKI Wataru & NOGUCHI Haruko, 2003. "On the Factor of Bankruptcy of Japanese Third Sector," ESRI Discussion paper series 033, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI).
    6. Orazio Attanasio & Hamish Low & Virginia Sánchez-Marcos, 2008. "Explaining Changes in Female Labor Supply in a Life-Cycle Model," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 98(4), pages 1517-1552, September.
    7. Herbst, Chris M., 2015. "The Rising Cost of Child Care in the United States: A Reassessment of the Evidence," IZA Discussion Papers 9072, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    8. Pedro Mira & Namkee Ahn, 2002. "A note on the changing relationship between fertility and female employment rates in developed countries," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 15(4), pages 667-682.
    9. Lakhani, Hyder & Hoover, Elizabeth, 1997. "Child care use, earnings, and retention desires of wives of employees -- U.S. Army officers' study," Journal of Economic Psychology, Elsevier, vol. 18(1), pages 87-110, February.
    10. David M. Blau & H. Naci Mocan, 2002. "The Supply Of Quality In Child Care Centers," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 84(3), pages 483-496, August.
    11. THELOUDIS Alexandros, 2018. "Wages and Family Time Allocation," LISER Working Paper Series 2018-06, LISER.
    12. H. Naci Mocan & Deborah Viola, 1997. "The Determinants of Child Care Workers' Wages and Compensation: Sectoral Differences, Human Capital, Race, Insiders and Outsiders," NBER Working Papers 6328, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    13. Edwards, John H. Y. & Fuller, Bruce & Liang, Xiaoyan, 1996. "The mixed preschool market: Explaining local variation in family demand and organized supply," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 15(2), pages 149-161, April.
    14. Herbst, Chris M., 2016. "The Impact of Quality Rating and Improvement Systems on Families' Child Care Choices and the Supply of Child Care Labor," IZA Discussion Papers 10383, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

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