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What Drives the Shareholder Value?

Listed author(s):
  • I. M. Pandey


    (Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad, India)

In the strategy literature a lot of emphasis is placed on growth as a dominant business strategy. Is growth always desirable? The finance literature, on the other hand, focuses more on economic profitability and value. This study empirically explores the significance of profitability and growth as drivers of shareholder value, measured by the market-to-book value (M/B) ratio. Profitability is defined as economic profitability; that is, the spread between return on equity and the risk-adjusted cost of equity. Using panel data and employing the Generalized Method of Moments (GMM) estimator, our findings show a strong positive relationship between economic profitability and M/B ratio. Growth, on the other hand, is negatively related to M/B ratio. However, the economic profitability-growth interaction variable has a positive coefficient indicating that growth associated with economic profitability influences shareholder value positively. This finding is further supported when we analyse the relationships separately for the positive-spread firms and negative-spread firms. Our results also indicate negative relationship between M/B ratio and firm size and positive relation with business risk, financial risk and capital intensity.

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Article provided by Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia in its journal Asian Academy of Management Journal of Accounting and Finance.

Volume (Year): 1 (2005)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 105-120

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Handle: RePEc:usm:journl:aamjaf00101_105-120
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  1. Gabriel Perez-Quiros & Allan Timmermann, 2000. "Firm Size and Cyclical Variations in Stock Returns," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 55(3), pages 1229-1262, 06.
  2. Hausman, Jerry, 2015. "Specification tests in econometrics," Applied Econometrics, Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", vol. 38(2), pages 112-134.
  3. Opler, Tim & Pinkowitz, Lee & Stulz, Rene & Williamson, Rohan, 1999. "The determinants and implications of corporate cash holdings," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 52(1), pages 3-46, April.
  4. Carolyn Y. Woo, 1984. "An Empirical Test of Value-Based Planning Models and Implications," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 30(9), pages 1031-1050, September.
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