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Intergenerational Mobility Between and Within Canada and the United States


  • Marie Connolly
  • Miles Corak
  • Catherine Haeck


Intergenerational income mobility is lower in the United States than in Canada but varies significantly within each country. Our subnational analysis finds that the national border only partially distinguishes the approximately 1,000 regions we analyze within these countries. The Canada-US border divides central and eastern Canada from the US Great Lakes and northeastern regions. Simultaneously, some Canadian regions have more in common with the low-mobility southern parts of the United States than with the rest of Canada; that these areas represent a much larger fraction of the US population also explains why mobility is lower in the United States.

Suggested Citation

  • Marie Connolly & Miles Corak & Catherine Haeck, 2019. "Intergenerational Mobility Between and Within Canada and the United States," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 37(S2), pages 595-641.
  • Handle: RePEc:ucp:jlabec:doi:10.1086/703465
    DOI: 10.1086/703465

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    Cited by:

    1. Eric S. M. Protzer, 2019. "Social Mobility Explains Populism, Not Inequality or Culture," CID Working Papers 118a, Center for International Development at Harvard University.
    2. B├╝tikofer, Aline & Dalla-Zuanna, Antonio & Salvanes, Kjell G., 2018. "Breaking the Links: Natural Resource Booms and Intergenerational Mobility," Discussion Paper Series in Economics 19/2018, Norwegian School of Economics, Department of Economics.
    3. Jan Stuhler, 2018. "A Review of Intergenerational Mobility and its Drivers," JRC Working Papers JRC112247, Joint Research Centre (Seville site).

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
    • J62 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Job, Occupational and Intergenerational Mobility; Promotion


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