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Does No Child Left Behind Place a Fiscal Burden on States? Evidence from Texas


  • Jennifer Imazeki

    () (Department of Economics, San Diego State University)

  • Andrew Reschovsky

    () (Robert M. La Follette School of Public Affairs and University of Wisconsin-Madison)


The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB) requires states to establish goals for all students and for groups of students characterized by race, ethnicity, poverty, disability, and limited English proficiency and requires schools to make annual progress in meeting these goals. In a number of states, officials have argued that increased federal education funding is not sufficient to cover the costs imposed by the new legislation. In this article, we use data from Texas to estimate the additional costs of meeting the new student performance standards. We find that these costs substantially exceed the additional federal funding. The article concludes with a discussion of whether NCLB should be considered an underfunded federal mandate and a brief discussion of the appropriate federal role in the financing of K–12 education. © 2006 American Education Finance Association

Suggested Citation

  • Jennifer Imazeki & Andrew Reschovsky, 2006. "Does No Child Left Behind Place a Fiscal Burden on States? Evidence from Texas," Education Finance and Policy, MIT Press, vol. 1(2), pages 217-246, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:tpr:edfpol:v:1:y:2006:i:2:p:217-246

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    Cited by:

    1. Gronberg, Timothy J. & Jansen, Dennis W. & Taylor, Lori L., 2011. "The Impact of Facilities on the Cost of Education," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association, vol. 64(1), pages 193-218, March.

    More about this item


    No Child Left Behind Act; education funding; education finance; student performance; Texas;

    JEL classification:

    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • I22 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Educational Finance; Financial Aid


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