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Regional Dynamics of Innovation: Investigating the Co-evolution of Patents, Research and Development (R&D), and Employment

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  • Matthias Buerger
  • Tom Broekel
  • Alex Coad

Abstract

Buerger M., Broekel T. and Coad A. Regional dynamics of innovation: investigating the co-evolution of patents, research and development (R&D), and employment, Regional Studies . This paper investigates the lead--lag relationships between the growth rates of patents, research and development (R&D), and employment for German regions over the period 1999--2005. The panel data set employed includes information on four two-digit industries. The results obtained from a vector autoregression model show that an increase in patents is associated with subsequent growth of employment in the medical and optical equipment industry as well as in the Electrics and electronics industry. With respect to the latter, the growth of patents is also associated with subsequent growth of R&D. Neither of these effects can be found for both the Chemicals and the Transport equipment industries. Buerger M., Broekel T. et Coad A. La dynamique r�gionale de l'innovation: examiner l'�volution simultan�e des brevets, de la recherche et d�veloppement (R et D), et de l'emploi, Regional Studies . Cet article cherche à examiner le rapport avances-retards entre les taux de croissance des brevets, de la recherche et d�veloppement (R et D), et de l'emploi pour ce qui est des r�gions allemandes sur la p�riode allant de 1999 à 2005. L'ensemble de donn�es par enquête à �chantillon constant employ� comprend de l'information sur quatres industries à deux chiffres. Les r�sultats obtenus à partir d'un modèle vectoriel d'auto-r�gression montrent qu'une augmentation des brevets se rapporte à une augmentation ult�rieure de l'emploi dans l'industrie de l'�quipement m�dical et optique, aussi bien que dans l'industrie �lectrique et �lectronique. Quant à cette dernière, la croissance des brevets se rapporte aussi à une augmentation ult�rieure de la recherche et d�veloppement. Aucun de ces effets n'est �vident ni pour l'industrie chimique, ni pour l'industrie de l'�quipement de transport. Croissance r�gionale Autor�gression vectorielle Innovation Brevets Buerger M., Broekel T. und Coad A. Die regionale Dynamik der Innovation: eine Untersuchung der gemeinsamen Evolution von Patenten, Forschung und Entwicklung (F&E) und der Beschäftigungsrate, Regional Studies . In diesem Beitrag untersuchen wir die Lead-Lag-Beziehungen zwischen den Wachstumsraten von Patenten, Forschung und Entwicklung (F&E) und der Beschäftigungsquote für deutsche Regionen im Zeitraum von 1999 bis 2005. Zum verwendeten Satz an Paneldaten gehören Informationen über vier zweistellige Branchen. Aus den Ergebnissen eines Vektor-Autoregressionsmodells geht hervor, dass eine Zunahme der Patente sowohl in der Medizin- und Optikbranche als auch in der Elektrik- und Elektronikbranche mit einer anschließenden Zunahme der Beschäftigung einhergeht. Hinsichtlich der letzteren Branche geht eine Zunahme der Patente auch mit einer anschließenden Zunahme der F&E einher. Bei der Chemie- und der Fahrzeugbaubranche wurde keiner dieser Effekte festgestellt. Regionales Wachstum Vektorautoregression (VAR) Innovation Patente Buerger M., Broekel T. y Coad A. Dinámicas regionales de innovación: un estudio sobre la coevolución de patentes, la investigación y desarrollo (I + D), y el empleo, Regional Studies . En este art�culo investigamos las relaciones de avance--retroceso entre los �ndices de crecimiento de las patentes, la investigación y desarrollo (I + D), y el empleo para las regiones alemanas durante el periodo de 1999 a 2005. En los grupos de datos de paneles incluimos información sobre cuatro industrias de dos d�gitos. Los resultados obtenidos de un modelo de autorregresión vectorial muestran que un aumento en las patentes se relaciona con un posterior crecimiento del empleo en la industria de equipos m�dicos y ópticos as� como en el sector de productos el�ctricos y electrónicos. Con respecto a este último sector, el crecimiento de patentes tambi�n está asociado a un posterior crecimiento en I + D. Ninguno de estos efectos se observa en las industrias de qu�mica y equipo de transporte. Crecimiento regional Autorregresión vectorial (VAR) Innovación Patentes

Suggested Citation

  • Matthias Buerger & Tom Broekel & Alex Coad, 2012. "Regional Dynamics of Innovation: Investigating the Co-evolution of Patents, Research and Development (R&D), and Employment," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 46(5), pages 565-582, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:46:y:2012:i:5:p:565-582
    DOI: 10.1080/00343404.2010.520693
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. L. Aldieri & C. P. Vinci, 2018. "Innovation effects on employment in high-tech and low-tech industries: evidence from large international firms within the triad," Eurasian Business Review, Springer;Eurasia Business and Economics Society, vol. 8(2), pages 229-243, June.
    2. Jens Horbach & Markus Janser, 2016. "The role of innovation and agglomeration for employment growth in the environmental sector," Industry and Innovation, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 23(6), pages 488-511, August.
    3. Francesco Quatraro, 2016. "Co-evolutionary Patterns in Regional Knowledge Bases and Economic Structure: Evidence from European Regions," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 50(3), pages 513-539, March.
    4. Flavio Calvino & Maria Enrica Virgillito, 2016. "The Innovation-Employment nexus: a critical survey of theory and empirics," LEM Papers Series 2016/10, Laboratory of Economics and Management (LEM), Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy.
    5. Thomas Brenner & Marco Capasso & Matthias Duschl & Koen Frenken & Tania Treibich, 2018. "Causal relations between knowledge-intensive business services and regional employment growth," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 52(2), pages 172-183, February.
    6. Mehmet Ugur & Sefa Awaworyi Churchill & Edna Solomon, 2018. "Technological Innovation And Employment In Derived Labour Demand Models: A Hierarchical Meta†Regression Analysis," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 32(1), pages 50-82, February.
    7. Marco Vivarelli, 2015. "Innovation and employment," IZA World of Labor, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA), pages 154-154, May.
    8. Ugur, Mehmet & Awaworyi, Sefa & Solomon, Edna, 2016. "Technological innovation and employment in derived labour demand models: A hierarchical meta-regression analysis," MPRA Paper 73557, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    9. Matthias Duschl & Tobias Scholl & Thomas Brenner & Dennis Luxen & Falk Raschke, 2015. "Industry-Specific Firm Growth and Agglomeration," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 49(11), pages 1822-1839, November.
    10. Francesco Quatraro, 2012. "The Co-Evolution of Knowledge and Economic Structure: Evidence from European Regions," GREDEG Working Papers 2012-16, Groupe de REcherche en Droit, Economie, Gestion (GREDEG CNRS), Université Côte d'Azur, France.
    11. Pietro Santoleri, 2019. "Innovation and job creation in (high-growth) new firms," LEM Papers Series 2019/31, Laboratory of Economics and Management (LEM), Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy.
    12. Olexandr Yemelyanov & Anastasiya Symak & Tetyana Petrushka & Roman Lesyk & Lilia Lesyk, 2018. "Assessment of the Technological Changes Impact on the Sustainability of State Security System of Ukraine," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(4), pages 1-24, April.

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