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Regional Dynamics of Innovation: Investigating the Co-evolution of Patents, Research and Development (R&D), and Employment

Listed author(s):
  • Matthias Buerger
  • Tom Broekel
  • Alex Coad

Buerger M., Broekel T. and Coad A. Regional dynamics of innovation: investigating the co-evolution of patents, research and development (R&D), and employment, Regional Studies . This paper investigates the lead--lag relationships between the growth rates of patents, research and development (R&D), and employment for German regions over the period 1999--2005. The panel data set employed includes information on four two-digit industries. The results obtained from a vector autoregression model show that an increase in patents is associated with subsequent growth of employment in the medical and optical equipment industry as well as in the Electrics and electronics industry. With respect to the latter, the growth of patents is also associated with subsequent growth of R&D. Neither of these effects can be found for both the Chemicals and the Transport equipment industries. Buerger M., Broekel T. et Coad A. La dynamique régionale de l'innovation: examiner l'évolution simultanée des brevets, de la recherche et développement (R et D), et de l'emploi, Regional Studies . Cet article cherche à examiner le rapport avances-retards entre les taux de croissance des brevets, de la recherche et développement (R et D), et de l'emploi pour ce qui est des régions allemandes sur la période allant de 1999 à 2005. L'ensemble de données par enquête à échantillon constant employé comprend de l'information sur quatres industries à deux chiffres. Les résultats obtenus à partir d'un modèle vectoriel d'auto-régression montrent qu'une augmentation des brevets se rapporte à une augmentation ultérieure de l'emploi dans l'industrie de l'équipement médical et optique, aussi bien que dans l'industrie électrique et électronique. Quant à cette dernière, la croissance des brevets se rapporte aussi à une augmentation ultérieure de la recherche et développement. Aucun de ces effets n'est évident ni pour l'industrie chimique, ni pour l'industrie de l'équipement de transport. Croissance régionale Autorégression vectorielle Innovation Brevets Buerger M., Broekel T. und Coad A. Die regionale Dynamik der Innovation: eine Untersuchung der gemeinsamen Evolution von Patenten, Forschung und Entwicklung (F&E) und der Beschäftigungsrate, Regional Studies . In diesem Beitrag untersuchen wir die Lead-Lag-Beziehungen zwischen den Wachstumsraten von Patenten, Forschung und Entwicklung (F&E) und der Beschäftigungsquote für deutsche Regionen im Zeitraum von 1999 bis 2005. Zum verwendeten Satz an Paneldaten gehören Informationen über vier zweistellige Branchen. Aus den Ergebnissen eines Vektor-Autoregressionsmodells geht hervor, dass eine Zunahme der Patente sowohl in der Medizin- und Optikbranche als auch in der Elektrik- und Elektronikbranche mit einer anschließenden Zunahme der Beschäftigung einhergeht. Hinsichtlich der letzteren Branche geht eine Zunahme der Patente auch mit einer anschließenden Zunahme der F&E einher. Bei der Chemie- und der Fahrzeugbaubranche wurde keiner dieser Effekte festgestellt. Regionales Wachstum Vektorautoregression (VAR) Innovation Patente Buerger M., Broekel T. y Coad A. Dinámicas regionales de innovación: un estudio sobre la coevolución de patentes, la investigación y desarrollo (I + D), y el empleo, Regional Studies . En este artículo investigamos las relaciones de avance--retroceso entre los índices de crecimiento de las patentes, la investigación y desarrollo (I + D), y el empleo para las regiones alemanas durante el periodo de 1999 a 2005. En los grupos de datos de paneles incluimos información sobre cuatro industrias de dos dígitos. Los resultados obtenidos de un modelo de autorregresión vectorial muestran que un aumento en las patentes se relaciona con un posterior crecimiento del empleo en la industria de equipos médicos y ópticos así como en el sector de productos eléctricos y electrónicos. Con respecto a este último sector, el crecimiento de patentes también está asociado a un posterior crecimiento en I + D. Ninguno de estos efectos se observa en las industrias de química y equipo de transporte. Crecimiento regional Autorregresión vectorial (VAR) Innovación Patentes

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Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

Volume (Year): 46 (2012)
Issue (Month): 5 (August)
Pages: 565-582

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Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:46:y:2012:i:5:p:565-582
DOI: 10.1080/00343404.2010.520693
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