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Regional Dynamics of Innovation: Investigating the Co-evolution of Patents, Research and Development (R&D), and Employment

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  • Matthias Buerger
  • Tom Broekel
  • Alex Coad

Abstract

Buerger M., Broekel T. and Coad A. Regional dynamics of innovation: investigating the co-evolution of patents, research and development (R&D), and employment, Regional Studies . This paper investigates the lead--lag relationships between the growth rates of patents, research and development (R&D), and employment for German regions over the period 1999--2005. The panel data set employed includes information on four two-digit industries. The results obtained from a vector autoregression model show that an increase in patents is associated with subsequent growth of employment in the medical and optical equipment industry as well as in the Electrics and electronics industry. With respect to the latter, the growth of patents is also associated with subsequent growth of R&D. Neither of these effects can be found for both the Chemicals and the Transport equipment industries. Buerger M., Broekel T. et Coad A. La dynamique régionale de l'innovation: examiner l'évolution simultanée des brevets, de la recherche et développement (R et D), et de l'emploi, Regional Studies . Cet article cherche à examiner le rapport avances-retards entre les taux de croissance des brevets, de la recherche et développement (R et D), et de l'emploi pour ce qui est des régions allemandes sur la période allant de 1999 à 2005. L'ensemble de données par enquête à échantillon constant employé comprend de l'information sur quatres industries à deux chiffres. Les résultats obtenus à partir d'un modèle vectoriel d'auto-régression montrent qu'une augmentation des brevets se rapporte à une augmentation ultérieure de l'emploi dans l'industrie de l'équipement médical et optique, aussi bien que dans l'industrie électrique et électronique. Quant à cette dernière, la croissance des brevets se rapporte aussi à une augmentation ultérieure de la recherche et développement. Aucun de ces effets n'est évident ni pour l'industrie chimique, ni pour l'industrie de l'équipement de transport. Croissance régionale Autorégression vectorielle Innovation Brevets Buerger M., Broekel T. und Coad A. Die regionale Dynamik der Innovation: eine Untersuchung der gemeinsamen Evolution von Patenten, Forschung und Entwicklung (F&E) und der Beschäftigungsrate, Regional Studies . In diesem Beitrag untersuchen wir die Lead-Lag-Beziehungen zwischen den Wachstumsraten von Patenten, Forschung und Entwicklung (F&E) und der Beschäftigungsquote für deutsche Regionen im Zeitraum von 1999 bis 2005. Zum verwendeten Satz an Paneldaten gehören Informationen über vier zweistellige Branchen. Aus den Ergebnissen eines Vektor-Autoregressionsmodells geht hervor, dass eine Zunahme der Patente sowohl in der Medizin- und Optikbranche als auch in der Elektrik- und Elektronikbranche mit einer anschließenden Zunahme der Beschäftigung einhergeht. Hinsichtlich der letzteren Branche geht eine Zunahme der Patente auch mit einer anschließenden Zunahme der F&E einher. Bei der Chemie- und der Fahrzeugbaubranche wurde keiner dieser Effekte festgestellt. Regionales Wachstum Vektorautoregression (VAR) Innovation Patente Buerger M., Broekel T. y Coad A. Dinámicas regionales de innovación: un estudio sobre la coevolución de patentes, la investigación y desarrollo (I + D), y el empleo, Regional Studies . En este artículo investigamos las relaciones de avance--retroceso entre los índices de crecimiento de las patentes, la investigación y desarrollo (I + D), y el empleo para las regiones alemanas durante el periodo de 1999 a 2005. En los grupos de datos de paneles incluimos información sobre cuatro industrias de dos dígitos. Los resultados obtenidos de un modelo de autorregresión vectorial muestran que un aumento en las patentes se relaciona con un posterior crecimiento del empleo en la industria de equipos médicos y ópticos así como en el sector de productos eléctricos y electrónicos. Con respecto a este último sector, el crecimiento de patentes también está asociado a un posterior crecimiento en I + D. Ninguno de estos efectos se observa en las industrias de química y equipo de transporte. Crecimiento regional Autorregresión vectorial (VAR) Innovación Patentes

Suggested Citation

  • Matthias Buerger & Tom Broekel & Alex Coad, 2012. "Regional Dynamics of Innovation: Investigating the Co-evolution of Patents, Research and Development (R&D), and Employment," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 46(5), pages 565-582, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:46:y:2012:i:5:p:565-582
    DOI: 10.1080/00343404.2010.520693
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Lachenmaier, Stefan & Rottmann, Horst, 2011. "Effects of innovation on employment: A dynamic panel analysis," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 29(2), pages 210-220, March.
    2. Harrison, Rupert & Jaumandreu, Jordi & Mairesse, Jacques & Peters, Bettina, 2005. "Does innovation stimulate employment? A firm-level analysis using comparable micro data on four European countries," MPRA Paper 1245, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Raffaele Paci & Stefano Usai, 2000. "The Role of Specialisation and Diversity Externalities in the Agglomeration of Innovative Activities," Rivista italiana degli economisti, Società editrice il Mulino, issue 2, pages 237-268.
    4. Peters, Bettina, 2004. "Employment Effects of Different Innovation Activities: Microeconometric Evidence," ZEW Discussion Papers 04-73, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    5. Thomas Brenner & Tom Broekel, 2011. "Methodological Issues in Measuring Innovation Performance of Spatial Units," Industry and Innovation, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 18(1), pages 7-37.
    6. Wesley M. Cohen & Richard R. Nelson & John P. Walsh, 2000. "Protecting Their Intellectual Assets: Appropriability Conditions and Why U.S. Manufacturing Firms Patent (or Not)," NBER Working Papers 7552, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Frank Neffke & Martin Svensson Henning & Ron Boschma & Karl-Johan Lundquist & Lars-Olof Olander, 2008. "Who Needs Agglomeration? Varying Agglomeration Externalities and the Industry Life Cycle," Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography (PEEG) 0808, Utrecht University, Department of Human Geography and Spatial Planning, Group Economic Geography, revised Apr 2008.
    8. Wagner, Alfred, 1891. "Marshall's Principles of Economics," History of Economic Thought Articles, McMaster University Archive for the History of Economic Thought, vol. 5, pages 319-338.
    9. Alexander Coad & Rekha Rao, 2007. "The Employment Effects of Innovations in High-Tech Industries," Papers on Economics and Evolution 2007-05, Philipps University Marburg, Department of Geography.
    10. Keld Laursen, 1998. "Revealed Comparative Advantage and the Alternatives as Measures of International Specialisation," DRUID Working Papers 98-30, DRUID, Copenhagen Business School, Department of Industrial Economics and Strategy/Aalborg University, Department of Business Studies.
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    Cited by:

    1. Ugur, Mehmet & Awaworyi, Sefa & Solomon, Edna, 2016. "Technological innovation and employment in derived labour demand models: A hierarchical meta-regression analysis," MPRA Paper 73557, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Aldieri, Luigi & Vinci, Concetto Paolo, 2017. "Innovation Effects on Employment in High-Tech and Low-Tech industries: Evidence from Large International Firms within the Triad," MPRA Paper 76398, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Jens Horbach & Markus Janser, 2016. "The role of innovation and agglomeration for employment growth in the environmental sector," Industry and Innovation, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 23(6), pages 488-511, August.
    4. Matthias Duschl & Tobias Scholl & Thomas Brenner & Dennis Luxen & Falk Raschke, 2015. "Industry-Specific Firm Growth and Agglomeration," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 49(11), pages 1822-1839, November.
    5. Francesco Quatraro, 2016. "Co-evolutionary Patterns in Regional Knowledge Bases and Economic Structure: Evidence from European Regions," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 50(3), pages 513-539, March.
    6. Thomas Brenner & Marco Capasso & Matthias Duschl & Koen Frenken & Tania Treibich, 2015. "Causal Relations between Knowledge-Intensive Business Services and Regional Employment Growth," Working Papers on Innovation and Space 2015-04, Philipps University Marburg, Department of Geography.
    7. Francesco Quatraro, 2012. "The Co-Evolution of Knowledge and Economic Structure: Evidence from European Regions," GREDEG Working Papers 2012-16, Groupe de REcherche en Droit, Economie, Gestion (GREDEG CNRS), University of Nice Sophia Antipolis.
    8. Flavio Calvino & Maria Enrica Virgillito, 2016. "The Innovation-Employment nexus: a critical survey of theory and empirics," LEM Papers Series 2016/10, Laboratory of Economics and Management (LEM), Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy.
    9. repec:gam:jsusta:v:10:y:2018:i:4:p:1186-:d:141119 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Marco Vivarelli, 2015. "Innovation and employment," IZA World of Labor, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA), pages 154-154, May.

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