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Entrepreneurship and Regional Culture: The Case of Hamamatsu and Kyoto, Japan

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  • Yuko Aoyama

Abstract

Aoyama Y. Entrepreneurship and regional culture: the case of Hamamatsu and Kyoto, Japan, Regional Studies. Successful entrepreneurship today must respond to the demands from global market forces. Yet, simultaneously, entrepreneurs must also respond to local social contexts, shaped by historical and regional economic conditions. This paper illustrates how regional culture plays an important role in shaping entrepreneurship, even in a new economic sector. By taking two 'entrepreneurial regions' of Japan, Hamamatsu and Kyoto, it is shown how historical legacy and lead firms strongly influence business practices of information technology entrepreneurs. Results of this qualitative research show how entrepreneurship is an integral aspect of evolving and complex regional systems. [image omitted] Aoyama Y. L'esprit d'entreprise et la culture regionale: etudes de cas de Hamamatsu et Kyoto, au Japon, Regional Studies. De nos jours, un esprit d'entreprise reussi doit repondre aux forces du marche mondial. Neanmoins, les entrepreneurs doivent repondre simultanement aux contextes sociaux locaux determines par des conditions historiques et regionales economiques. Cet article cherche a illustrer comment la culture regionale joue un role important dans le developpement de l'esprit d'entreprise, meme dans un nouveau secteur d'activite economique. A partir de deux 'regions entrepreneuriales' au Japon, a savoir Hamamatsu et Kyoto, on montre comment le legs historique et les entreprises de pointe influent fortement sur les usages commerciaux des entrepreneurs en informatique. Les resultats de la recherche qualitative montrent comment l'esprit d'entreprise constitue une partie integrante des systemes regionaux complexes en pleine evolution. Esprit d'entreprise Perspectives regionales Kyoto Hamamatsu Japon Aoyama Y. Unternehmertum und Regionalkultur: der Fall von Hamamatsu und Kyoto in Japan, Regional Studies. Ein erfolgreicher Unternehmer muss heute auf die Bedurfnisse der globalen Marktkrafte eingehen. Gleichzeitig muss er jedoch auch die lokalen gesellschaftlichen Kontexte berucksichtigen, die durch geschichtliche und regionale Wirtschaftsbedingungen gepragt werden. In diesem Beitrag illustriere ich, wie die Regionalkultur selbst in einem neuen Wirtschaftssektor eine wichtige Rolle bei der Pragung des Unternehmertums spielt. Anhand von zwei 'Unternehmensregionen' in Japan - Hamamatsu und Kyoto - zeige ich auf, wie das geschichtliche Erbe und fuhrende Firmen einen starken Einfluss auf die Geschaftspraktiken von Unternehmern im Bereich der Informationstechnik (IT) ausuben. Aus den Ergebnissen meiner qualitativen Forschung geht hervor, dass das Unternehmertum einen wesentlichen Aspekt von sich entwickelnden komplexen Regionalsystemen darstellt. Unternehmertum Regionale Dimensionen Kyoto Hamamatsu Japan Aoyama Y. Empresariado y cultura regional: el caso de Hamamatsu y Kyoto, Japon, Regional Studies. Un empresario con exito debe responder hoy a las demandas de las fuerzas del mercado global. Sin embargo, los empresarios tambien deben responder a la vez a los contextos sociales a nivel local determinados por condiciones historicas y economicas regionales. En este articulo ilustro de que modo la cultura regional desempena un importante papel a la hora de formar el empresariado incluso en un nuevo sector economico. Comparando dos 'regiones empresariales' de Japon, Hamamatsu y Kyoto, demuestro como el legado historico y las empresas lideres tienen una gran influencia en las practicas comerciales de los empresarios en el sector de la tecnologia de la informacion (TI). Los resultados de mi estudio cualitativo demuestran que el empresariado representa un aspecto integral de sistemas regionales complejos y dinamicos. Empresariado Dimensiones regionales Kyoto Hamamatsu Japon

Suggested Citation

  • Yuko Aoyama, 2009. "Entrepreneurship and Regional Culture: The Case of Hamamatsu and Kyoto, Japan," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 43(3), pages 495-512.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:43:y:2009:i:3:p:495-512
    DOI: 10.1080/00343400902777042
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Gertler, Meric S., 2004. "Manufacturing Culture: The Institutional Geography of Industrial Practice," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198233824.
    2. Audretsch, David B & Thurik, A R Roy, 1997. "Sources of Growth: the Entrepreneurial versus the Managed Economy," CEPR Discussion Papers 1710, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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    Cited by:

    1. Michael Wyrwich, 2010. "Regional Entrepreneurial Heritage in a Socialist and a Post-Socialist Economy," DRUID Working Papers 10-20, DRUID, Copenhagen Business School, Department of Industrial Economics and Strategy/Aalborg University, Department of Business Studies.
    2. Stuetzer, Michael & Obschonka, Martin & Audretsch, David B. & Wyrwich, Michael & Rentfrow, Peter J. & Coombes, Mike & Shaw-Taylor, Leigh & Satchell, Max, 2016. "Industry structure, entrepreneurship, and culture: An empirical analysis using historical coalfields," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 86(C), pages 52-72.
    3. Michael Fritsch & Michael Wyrwich, 2015. "The Persistence of Regional Entrepreneurship - Are all types of Self-Employment Equally Important?," Jena Economic Research Papers 2015-008, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena.
    4. Michael Fritsch & Michael Wyrwich, 2012. "The Long Persistence of Regional Entrepreneurship Culture: Germany 1925-2005," Jena Economic Research Papers 2012-036, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena.
    5. repec:enr:rpaper:0016 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Isidoro Romero & Raluca Mariana Petrescu & Alina Elena Balalia (Iosif), 2011. "Universities as Suppliers of Entrepreneurship Education Services. The Cases of The University of Seville and The Academy of Economic Studies in Bucharest," The AMFITEATRU ECONOMIC journal, Academy of Economic Studies - Bucharest, Romania, vol. 13(30), pages 347-361, June.
    7. repec:oup:jecgeo:v:17:y:2017:i:5:p:959-974. is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Henry Wai-Chung Yeung, 2009. "Transnational Corporations, Global Production Networks, and Urban and Regional Development: A Geographer's Perspective on "Multinational Enterprises and the Global Economy"," Growth and Change, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 40(2), pages 197-226.
    9. Erik E. Lehmann & Nikolaus Seitz & Katharine Wirsching, 2017. "Smart finance for smart places to foster new venture creation," Economia e Politica Industriale: Journal of Industrial and Business Economics, Springer;Associazione Amici di Economia e Politica Industriale, vol. 44(1), pages 51-75, March.
    10. Frank Lasch & Frank Robert & Frédéric Roy, 2013. "Regional determinants of ICT new firm formation," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 40(3), pages 671-686, April.
    11. Chan, Alex W.H. & Cheung, Hoi Yan, 2016. "Extraversion, individualism and M&A activities," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 25(1), pages 356-369.
    12. repec:mgt:youmgt:v:15:y:2017:i:1:p:3-22 is not listed on IDEAS
    13. Michael Fritsch & Michael Wyrwich, 2016. "Does persistence in start-up activity reflect persistence in social capital?," Chapters,in: Handbook of Social Capital and Regional Development, chapter 4, pages 82-107 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    14. Fredin , Sabrina & Jogmark , Marina, 2015. "The Formation of Local Culture and its Implications for Entrepreneurship," Papers in Innovation Studies 2015/37, Lund University, CIRCLE - Center for Innovation, Research and Competences in the Learning Economy.
    15. Bijedić, Teita & Haase, Inga & Müller, Anna, 2018. "Regionale Gründungsumfelder am Beispiel ausgewählter Hot-Spots," IfM-Materialien 265, Institut für Mittelstandsforschung (IfM) Bonn.
    16. Wenying Fu, 2016. "Industrial clusters as hothouses for nascent entrepreneurs? The case of Tianhe Software Park in Guangzhou, China," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 57(1), pages 253-270, July.
    17. repec:eco:journ1:2018-02-40 is not listed on IDEAS
    18. F.C. Stam & Ben Spigel, 2016. "Entrepreneurial Ecosystems," Working Papers 16-13, Utrecht School of Economics.
    19. Wang, Yuandi & Sutherland, Dylan & Ning, Lutao & Pan, Xin, 2015. "The evolving nature of China's regional innovation systems: Insights from an exploration–exploitation approach," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 100(C), pages 140-152.
    20. Franz Kronthaler & Katharina Becker & Kerstin Wagner, 2012. "Combination of regional characteristics for start-up activity in Switzerland," ERSA conference papers ersa12p90, European Regional Science Association.
    21. Andrew Ross, 2011. "Regional Determinants of Entrepreneurship in a Small Economy: Panel Data Evidence from Scotland," ERSA conference papers ersa11p848, European Regional Science Association.

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