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Sources of Growth: the Entrepreneurial versus the Managed Economy

Author

Listed:
  • Audretsch, David B
  • Thurik, A R Roy

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to suggest that a fundamental shift in Europe, along with the other OECD countries, is taking place. This shift is from the managed economy to the entrepreneurial economy. While politicians and policy-makers have made a plea for guidance in the era of entrepreneurship, scholars have been slow to respond. The purpose of this paper is to make a first step identifying and articulating these differences. It does this by contrasting the most fundamental elements of the newly-emerging entrepreneurial economy with those of the managed economy. We identify fifteen trade-offs confronting these two polar words. The common thread throughout these trade-offs is the increased role of new and small enterprises in the entrepreneurial economy. A particular emphasis is placed on changes in economic policy demanded by the entrepreneurial economy vis-à-vis the managed economy. We then explore whether restructuring towards the entrepreneurial economy has been conducive to economic growth and job creation. Our empirical analysis links the stage of the transition towards an entrepreneurial economy to the growth rates of European countries over a recent period. We find that those countries that have introduced a greater element of entrepreneurship have been rewarded with additional growth.

Suggested Citation

  • Audretsch, David B & Thurik, A R Roy, 1997. "Sources of Growth: the Entrepreneurial versus the Managed Economy," CEPR Discussion Papers 1710, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:1710
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. van Gelderen, Marco & Frese, Michael & Thurik, Roy, 2000. "Strategies, Uncertainty and Performance of Small Business Startups," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 15(3), pages 165-181.
    2. Verheul, I. & Thurik, A.R., 2000. "Start-Up Capital," ERIM Report Series Research in Management ERS-2000-07-STR, Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM), ERIM is the joint research institute of the Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University and the Erasmus School of Economics (ESE) at Erasmus University Rotterdam.
    3. Yuko Aoyama, 2009. "Entrepreneurship and Regional Culture: The Case of Hamamatsu and Kyoto, Japan," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 43(3), pages 495-512.
    4. Martin Carree & André van Stel & Roy Thurik & Sander Wennekers, 2000. "Business Ownership and Economic Growth in 23 OECD Countries," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 00-001/3, Tinbergen Institute.
    5. Rachel Parker, 2000. "Industrial Transformation In Austria, Norway And Sweden," Industry and Innovation, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 7(2), pages 145-168.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Entrepreneurship; Europe; Government Policy; Growth; Industrial Structure;

    JEL classification:

    • L0 - Industrial Organization - - General
    • O0 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - General

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