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Are Urban Agglomerations a Better Breeding Place for Product Innovation? An Analysis of New Product Announcements

  • Erik Brouwer
  • Hana Budil-Nadvornikova
  • Alfred Kleinknecht

BROUWER E., BUDIL-NADVORNIKOVA H. and KLEINKNECHT A. (1999)Are urban agglomerations a better breeding place for product innovation? An analysis of new product announcements, Reg. Studies 33 , 541-549. Regions matter for innovative behaviour. Compared to firms in rural regions, firms in urban agglomerations of the Netherlands dedicate a higher share of their R&D to product (rather than process) development. Moreover, in our Hurdle Count Data estimate of determinants of new product announcementswe find that, with a given product R&D intensity, firmsin central regions have higher probabilities of announcing at least one new product in a journal and they also announce new products in larger numbers. The results add to the literature on regional knowledge spillovers. BROUWER E., BUDIL-NADVORNIKOVA H. et KLEINKNECHT A. (1999) Le role des agglomerations urbaines en tant que pepinieres de l'innovation de produits: une analyse des annonces concernant lelancement denouveaux produits, Reg. Studies 33 , 541-549. Les regions ont de l'importance pour l'innovation. Par rapport aux entreprises situees en milieu rural, les entreprises situees dans les agglomerations urbaines aux Pays-Bas consacrent une proportion plus elevee de leur R et D au developpement des produits (plutot qu'au developpement des procedes). A partir de la methode Hurdle Count Data, l'estimation des determinants des annonces concernant le lancement de nouveaux produits laisse voir d'ailleurs que, donne un certain niveau de R et D consacre au developpement des produits, il est plus probable que les entreprises situees dans les regions centrales font paraitre une annonceconcernant lelancement d'au moinsunproduit dans une revue, et a plusieurs reprises. Les resultats contribuent a la documentation sur les retombees regionales dues a la connaissance. BROUWER E., BUDIL-NADVORNIKOVA H. und KLEINKNECHT A. (1999) Sind stadtische Ballungsgebiete ein besseres Saatbeet fur Produktinnovation? Eine Analyse von Ankundigungen neuer Produkte, Reg. Studies 33 , 541-549. Regionen sind fur innovatives Verhalten wichtig. Im Vergleichmit Betriebeninlandlichen Gebietenwidmen Firmen, die in stadtischen Ballungsgebieten der Niederlande ansassig sind, der Produkt- (statt der Verfahrens-) entwicklung einen hoheren Anteil ihrer Forschung und Entwicklung. In ihrer Hurdle Count Datenberechnung der bestimmenden Faktoren neuer Produktankundigungen fanden die Autoren ausserdem, dass bei gegebener Produktforschungs- und Entwicklungsintensitat Firmen in zentralen Regionen mit hoherer Wahrscheinlichkeit wenigstens ein neues Produkt in einer Zeitschrift sowie uberhaupt eine grossere Anzahl neuer Produkte ankundigen. Die Ergebnisse leisten einen Beitrag zur Literatur uber regionale Wissensverbreitung.

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Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

Volume (Year): 33 (1999)
Issue (Month): 6 ()
Pages: 541-549

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Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:33:y:1999:i:6:p:541-549
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  1. White, Halbert, 1982. "Maximum Likelihood Estimation of Misspecified Models," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 50(1), pages 1-25, January.
  2. M Taylor, 1986. "The product-cycle model: a critique," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 18(6), pages 751-761, June.
  3. Dosi, Giovanni, 1988. "Sources, Procedures, and Microeconomic Effects of Innovation," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 26(3), pages 1120-71, September.
  4. J R L Howells, 1983. "Filter-down theory: location and technology in the UK pharmaceutical industry," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 15(2), pages 147-164, February.
  5. Cohen, Wesley M & Levinthal, Daniel A, 1989. "Innovation and Learning: The Two Faces of R&D," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 99(397), pages 569-96, September.
  6. Mullahy, John, 1986. "Specification and testing of some modified count data models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 33(3), pages 341-365, December.
  7. Kleinknecht, Alfred & Reijnen, Jeroen O. N., 1993. "Towards literature-based innovation output indicators," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 4(1), pages 199-207, June.
  8. Dieperink, H & Nijkamp, Peter, 1988. "Innovative Behaviour, Agglomeration Economies and R&D Infrastructure," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 13(1), pages 35-57.
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