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Competitive Industry Clusters and Inward TNC Investments: The Case of Sweden

  • Inge Ivarsson
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    IVARSSON I. (1999) Competitive industry clusters and inward TNC investments: the case of Sweden, Reg. Studies 33 , 37-49. This study focuses on the importance of internationally competitive industry clusters in host countries as a pull factor for inward FDI. It is found that over half of foreign affiliates in Sweden operate in competitive host country clusters. An analysis of material and non-material linkages to host country firms generally shows a marginal difference between affiliates operating in competitive host country clusters and other affiliates. However, technological co-operation with host country firms is somewhat more substantial among affiliates operating in competitive host country clusters. It is less clear if this also means that TNCs can combine firm-specific competencies with competencies generated by affiliates operating in competitive host country clusters. IVARSSON I. (1999) Les grappes d'industries concurrentielles et l'investissement direct etranger des societes transnationales: etude de cas de la Suede, Reg. Studies 33 , 37-49. L'etude porte sur l'importance dans les pays d'accueil des grappes d'industries, qui sont concurrentielles sur le plan international, comme force d'attraction quant a l'investissement direct etranger. Il s'avere que plus de la moitie des filiales etrangeres en Suede fonctionnent a partir des grappes concurrentielles dans les pays d'accueil. En regle generale, l'analyse des liens materiels et immateriels avec les entreprises situees dans les pays d'accueil laisse voir une difference marginale entre les filiales qui fonctionnent a partir des grappes concurrentielles dans les pays d'accueil et les autres. Toujours estil que la cooperation technologique avec les entreprises autochtones s'avere plus importante parmi les filiales qui fonctionnent a partir des grappes concurrentielles dans les pays d'accueil. Il est moins evident si, oui ou non, cela veut dire aussi que les societes transnationales peuvent associer les competences propres a l'entreprise aux competences engendrees par les filiales qui fonctionnent a partir des grappes concurrentielles dans les pays d'accueil. IVARSSON I. (1999) Kluster konkurrierender Industrien und nach innen gerichtete TNC Investierungen: der Fall Schweden, Reg. Studies 33 , 37-49. Diese Studie konzentriert sich auf die Bedeutung in internationalem Wettbewerb stehender Industriekluster in Gastlandernals Anziehungsfaktor bei nach innen gerichteten Auslandsdirektinvestierungen (Foreign Direct Investment - FDI). Es zeigt sich, dass mehr als die Halfte der auslandischen Filialen in Schweden im Rahmen konkurrierender Gastlandkluster operieren. Eine Analyse der materiellen und nicht-materiellen Verknupfungen mit Gastlandfirmen ergibt einen geringfugigen Unterschied zwischen affilierten Betrieben, die in konkurrierenden Gastlandklustern operieren, und anders affilierten. Die technologische Zusammenarbeit mit Firmen des Gastgeberlandes ist jedoch etwas grosser unter affilierten Betrieben, die in konkurrierenden Gastlandklustern operieren. Es ist weniger eindeutig, ob dies auch bedeutet, dass TNCs firmenspezifische Kompetenzen mit solchen verbinden konnen,die durch in konkurrierenden Gastlanderklustern operierende Affilierte geschaffen werden.

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    Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

    Volume (Year): 33 (1999)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 37-49

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    Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:33:y:1999:i:1:p:37-49
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    1. Krugman, Paul & Venables, Anthony J, 1993. "Integration, Specialization and Adjustment," CEPR Discussion Papers 886, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    2. John H Dunning, 1995. "Reappraising the Eclectic Paradigm in an Age of Alliance Capitalism," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 26(3), pages 461-491, September.
    3. Wheeler, David & Mody, Ashoka, 1992. "International investment location decisions : The case of U.S. firms," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 33(1-2), pages 57-76, August.
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