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Transaction costs, product specialisation and farm structure in Central and Eastern Europe

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  • Pavel Ciaian
  • Jan Pokrivcak
  • Dusan Drabik

Abstract

In Western Europe, the USA and other developed countries agriculture is dominated by small family farms. In Central and Eastern European countries (CEECs) a dual structure of farms exists. There are large corporate farms (CF) and small family farms (FF) in CEECs. This article shows that both CF and FF specialise in commodities in which they have a comparative advantage. CF specialise in capital-intensive products and in products with low labour monitoring requirements. FF specialise in products with higher labour monitoring requirements. The implication of this study is that farm structure indirectly determines in which products a country will be competitive on international markets. This is especially important for transition countries where high transaction costs hinder changes of farm organisation. Because of high transaction costs, farms are more flexible in adjusting production structure than adjusting farm organisation in transition countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Pavel Ciaian & Jan Pokrivcak & Dusan Drabik, 2009. "Transaction costs, product specialisation and farm structure in Central and Eastern Europe," Post-Communist Economies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 21(2), pages 191-201.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:pocoec:v:21:y:2009:i:2:p:191-201
    DOI: 10.1080/14631370902778526
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    Cited by:

    1. Lancaric, Drahoslav & Tóth, Marián & Savov, Radovan, 2013. "Which legal form of agricultural firm based on return on equity should be preferred? A panel data analysis of Slovak agricultural firms," Studies in Agricultural Economics, Research Institute for Agricultural Economics, vol. 115(3), December.
    2. Toth, Marian & Lancaric, Drahoslav & Savov, Radovan, 2014. "Which legal form is a key to success in Slovak agriculture?," 142nd Seminar, May 29-30, 2014, Budapest, Hungary 169091, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
    3. Ciaian, Pavel & Kancs, d'Artis & Pokrivcak, Jan, 2011. "Comparative Advantages, Transaction Costs and Factor Content in Agricultural Trade: Empirical Evidence from the CEE - Vantaggi comparati, costi di transazione e contenuto dei fattori nel commercio agr," Economia Internazionale / International Economics, Camera di Commercio Industria Artigianato Agricoltura di Genova, vol. 64(1), pages 67-101.
    4. Radovan Savov & Juraj Cheben & Drahoslav Lancaric & Roman Serencéš, 2017. "MBNQA Approach in Quality Management Supporting Sustainable Business Performance in Agribusiness," The AMFITEATRU ECONOMIC journal, Academy of Economic Studies - Bucharest, Romania, vol. 19(44), pages 1-11, February.

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