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Aid, Remittances, Medical Brain Drain and Child Mortality: Evidence Using Inter and Intra-Country Data


  • Lisa Chauvet
  • Flore Gubert
  • Sandrine Mespl�-Somps


This article analyses the respective impact of aid, remittances and medical brain drain (MBD) on child mortality using panel and cross-country quintile-level data on respectively 84 and 46 developing countries. Our results show that remittances reduce child mortality while MBD increases it. Health aid also significantly reduces child mortality but its impact is less robust than the impact of remittances. Remittances seem to be more effective in reducing mortality for children belonging to households from the upper classes, whereas neither a pro-poor nor anti-poor effect is found for health aid.

Suggested Citation

  • Lisa Chauvet & Flore Gubert & Sandrine Mespl�-Somps, 2013. "Aid, Remittances, Medical Brain Drain and Child Mortality: Evidence Using Inter and Intra-Country Data," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 49(6), pages 801-818, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:jdevst:v:49:y:2013:i:6:p:801-818
    DOI: 10.1080/00220388.2012.742508

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    1. repec:dau:papers:123456789/13581 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Zhuang Hong & Wang Miao & Daniels Joseph, 2020. "Foreign Aid and Adolescent Fertility Rate: Cross-Country Evidence," Journal of Globalization and Development, De Gruyter, vol. 11(1), pages 1-35, June.
    3. Azizi, SeyedSoroosh, 2018. "The impacts of workers' remittances on human capital and labor supply in developing countries," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 75(C), pages 377-396.
    4. John E. Roemer & Pedro Rosa Dias, 2016. "Barefoot and footloose doctors: optimal resource allocation in developing countries with medical migration," Social Choice and Welfare, Springer;The Society for Social Choice and Welfare, vol. 46(2), pages 335-358, February.
    5. Helge Liebert & Beatrice Mäder, 2018. "Physician Density and Infant Mortality: A Semiparametric Analysis of the Returns to Health Care Provision," CESifo Working Paper Series 7209, CESifo.
    6. Uweis Abdulahi Ali Bare & Yasmin Bani & Normaz Wana Ismail & Anitha Rosland, 2021. "Remittances And Health Outcomes In Sub-Saharan African Countries: Understanding The Role Of Financial Development And Institutional Quality," Economic Annals, Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Belgrade, vol. 66(229), pages 119-144, April – J.
    7. SeyedSoroosh Azizi, 2021. "The impacts of workers’ remittances on poverty and inequality in developing countries," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 60(2), pages 969-991, February.
    8. Chauvet, Lisa & Ehrhart, Hélène, 2018. "Aid and growth: evidence from firm-level data," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 135(C), pages 461-477.
    9. Öhler, Hannes, 2017. "A micro-level analysis of the effects of aid fragmentation and aid alignment," IDOS Discussion Papers 7/2017, German Institute of Development and Sustainability (IDOS).
    10. Han, Lu & Koenig-Archibugi, Mathias & Opsahl, Tore, 2018. "The social network of international health aid," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 206(C), pages 67-74.
    11. Liebert, H. & Mäder, B., 2016. "Marginal effects of physician coverage on infant and disease mortality," Health, Econometrics and Data Group (HEDG) Working Papers 16/17, HEDG, c/o Department of Economics, University of York.
    12. Han, Lu & Koenig-Archibugi, Mathias, 2015. "Aid Fragmentation or Aid Pluralism? The Effect of Multiple Donors on Child Survival in Developing Countries, 1990–2010," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 76(C), pages 344-358.
    13. Liebert, Helge & Mäder, Beatrice, 2016. "The impact of regional health care coverage on infant mortality and disease incidence," Economics Working Paper Series 1620, University of St. Gallen, School of Economics and Political Science.
    14. Amm Quamruzzaman, 2020. "Exploring the Impact of Medical Brain Drain on Child Health in 188 Countries over 2000–2015," Societies, MDPI, vol. 10(4), pages 1-16, September.
    15. Mauro Lanati & Rainer Thiele, 2021. "Aid for health, economic growth, and the emigration of medical workers," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 33(7), pages 1112-1140, October.
    16. Miao Wang & Hong Zhuang, 2021. "FDI and educational outcomes in developing countries," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 61(6), pages 3505-3539, December.

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