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Educational Attainment and Attitudes Towards War in Muslim Countries Contemplating War: The Cases of Jordan, Lebanon, Pakistan, and Turkey


  • M. Najeeb Shafiq
  • Karen Ross


This study addresses the little understood relationship between educational attainment and public attitudes towards war in four predominantly Muslim countries contemplating war: Jordan, Lebanon, Pakistan, and Turkey. The multivariate analysis using public opinion data suggests that the educational attainment of respondents has no statistically significant association with believing that war is necessary for obtaining justice. In a separate analysis, there is no statistically significant association between educational attainment and believing that UN approval is necessary before using military force to deal with an international threat. This study suggests that there is some validity to concerns raised by the UK's Department for International Development and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) that education may not be contributing to peaceful conflict resolution.

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  • M. Najeeb Shafiq & Karen Ross, 2010. "Educational Attainment and Attitudes Towards War in Muslim Countries Contemplating War: The Cases of Jordan, Lebanon, Pakistan, and Turkey," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 46(8), pages 1424-1441.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:jdevst:v:46:y:2010:i:8:p:1424-1441
    DOI: 10.1080/00220380903428431

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    References listed on IDEAS

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