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Social Foundations of Regional Innovation and the Role of University Spin-Offs: The Case of Canada's Technology Triangle

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  • Harald Bathelt
  • Dieter Kogler
  • Andrew Munro

Abstract

The goal of this paper is to explore the social foundations of regional innovation by analyzing the role of universities in promoting technology transfer and the creation of innovation networks. The argument put forward is that regional innovation benefits from, and is stimulated by, horizontal and vertical knowledge flows and trans-regional networks, enabling firms to benefit from wider knowledge transfers between old and new establishments, large and small operations, and within and across sectors. The empirical study focuses on the Kitchener and Guelph metropolitan areas, referred to as Canada's Technology Triangle (CTT), where a larger number of firms related to information technology (IT) have been successfully launched since the 1970s in the area surrounding the University of Waterloo. This research investigates to what degree these university spin-offs and start-ups have established regional networks in innovation, their level of dependence on global knowledge networks, and whether this dynamic has produced spillovers to other regional industries.

Suggested Citation

  • Harald Bathelt & Dieter Kogler & Andrew Munro, 2011. "Social Foundations of Regional Innovation and the Role of University Spin-Offs: The Case of Canada's Technology Triangle," Industry and Innovation, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 18(5), pages 461-486.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:indinn:v:18:y:2011:i:5:p:461-486 DOI: 10.1080/13662716.2011.583462
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Harald Bathelt & Andrew Munro & Ben Spigel, 2011. "Challenges of Transformation: Innovation, Re-bundling and Traditional Manufacturing in Canada's Technology Triangle," Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography (PEEG) 1111, Utrecht University, Department of Human Geography and Spatial Planning, Group Economic Geography, revised Jun 2011.

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