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Small and Productive: Kenyan Women and Crop Choice


  • Mwangi wa Gĩthĩnji
  • Charalampos Konstantinidis
  • Andrew Barenberg


The question of gender differences in agricultural productivity has received particular attention in the development literature. The stylized fact that women produce less than men, while on average occupying smaller farms, presents a quandary as it is also a stylized fact that smaller farms have higher yields per unit of area. Using data from the 2006 Kenya Integrated Household Budget Survey, this study examines whether there is a gap in output per acre between men and women farmers in Kenya. Using ordinary and two-stage least-squares (OLS and 2SLS) analyses, it shows that when crop choice is taken into account, women are as productive as men. Specifically, the study finds that market-oriented crops are the source of differences. This suggests that further research into what determines crop choice is needed, in addition to policy that ensures that women have the same access as men to support for market-oriented crops.

Suggested Citation

  • Mwangi wa Gĩthĩnji & Charalampos Konstantinidis & Andrew Barenberg, 2014. "Small and Productive: Kenyan Women and Crop Choice," Feminist Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 20(1), pages 101-129, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:femeco:v:20:y:2014:i:1:p:101-129
    DOI: 10.1080/13545701.2013.878467

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Wanjiku, Julliet & Manyengo, John Uhuru & Oluoch-Kosura, Willis & Karugia, Joseph T., 2007. "Gender Differentiation in the Analysis of Alternative Farm Mechanization Choices on Small Farms in Kenya," WIDER Working Paper Series 015, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
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    Cited by:

    1. Cheryl Doss, 2015. "Women and Agricultural Productivity: What Does the Evidence Tell Us?," Working Papers 1051, Economic Growth Center, Yale University.
    2. Isabel Lambrecht & Monica Schuster & Sarah Asare Samwini & Laura Pelleriaux, 2018. "Changing gender roles in agriculture? Evidence from 20 years of data in Ghana," Agricultural Economics, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 49(6), pages 691-710, November.
    3. Mahajan, K., 2018. "Back to the Plough: Women Managers and Farm Productivity in India," 2018 Conference, July 28-August 2, 2018, Vancouver, British Columbia 277234, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    4. Oyvat, Cem & wa Gĩthĩnji, Mwangi, 2017. "Migration in Kenya: beyond Harris-Todaro," Greenwich Papers in Political Economy 16226, University of Greenwich, Greenwich Political Economy Research Centre.
    5. repec:bla:devpol:v:36:y:2018:i:1:p:35-50 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Dina Najjar & Aymen Frija & Aman El Garhi, 2018. "A Typology Analysis of Agricultural Empowerment Profiles in Rural Egypt with a Particular Focus on Women," Working Papers 1198, Economic Research Forum, revised 24 May 2018.
    7. Vimefall, Elin, 2015. "Income diversification among female-headed farming households," Working Papers 2015:11, Örebro University, School of Business.

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