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The bicausal relation between religion and income

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  • L. Bettendorf
  • E. Dijkgraaf

Abstract

In this article the relation between religion and income is investigated using a micro-dataset for the Netherlands. Religion is measured by religious membership and by participation. Instead of estimating a religion equation and an income equation separately, joint regression is preferred since this generally yields more efficient estimates. Following the single-equation approach, both religious measures are found to decrease income significantly and income is found to affect religion negatively. However, these cross-effects become insignificant once the equations are estimated simultaneously. In contrast, the effects of socio-economic characteristics on religion and income hardly differ between the approaches.

Suggested Citation

  • L. Bettendorf & E. Dijkgraaf, 2011. "The bicausal relation between religion and income," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 43(11), pages 1351-1363.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:applec:v:43:y:2011:i:11:p:1351-1363 DOI: 10.1080/00036840802600442
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    Cited by:

    1. Bruno, Bruna & Fiorillo, Damiano, 2013. "Voluntary work and labour income," MPRA Paper 43995, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Bruna BRUNO & Damiano FIORILLO, 2016. "Voluntary Work And Wages," Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 87(2), pages 175-202, December.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • Z12 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - Religion
    • H31 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents - - - Household

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