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Driving fatalities after 9/11: a hidden cost of terrorism

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  • Garrick Blalock
  • Vrinda Kadiyali
  • Daniel Simon

Abstract

We show that the public's response to terrorist threats can have unintended consequences that rival the attacks themselves in severity. Driving fatalities increased significantly after the 11 September 2001 terrorist attacks, events that prompted many travellers to substitute road transportation for safer air transportation. After controlling for time trends, weather, road conditions and other factors, we find that travellers' response to 9/11 resulted in 327 driving deaths per month in late 2001. Moreover, while the effect of 9/11 weakened over time, as many as 2300 driving deaths may be attributable to the attacks.

Suggested Citation

  • Garrick Blalock & Vrinda Kadiyali & Daniel Simon, 2009. "Driving fatalities after 9/11: a hidden cost of terrorism," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 41(14), pages 1717-1729.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:applec:v:41:y:2009:i:14:p:1717-1729
    DOI: 10.1080/00036840601069757
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Gerdtham, Ulf-G. & Ruhm, Christopher J., 2006. "Deaths rise in good economic times: Evidence from the OECD," Economics & Human Biology, Elsevier, vol. 4(3), pages 298-316, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. Bennett, Daniel & Chiang, Chun-Fang & Malani, Anup, 2015. "Learning during a crisis: The SARS epidemic in Taiwan," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 112(C), pages 1-18.
    2. Krieger, Tim & Meierrieks, Daniel, 2019. "The economic consequences of terrorism for the European Union," Discussion Paper Series 2019-02, University of Freiburg, Wilfried Guth Endowed Chair for Constitutional Political Economy and Competition Policy.
    3. Michael F. Pesko, 2014. "Stress And Smoking: Associations With Terrorism And Causal Impact," Contemporary Economic Policy, Western Economic Association International, vol. 32(2), pages 351-371, April.

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