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The impact of cross-ownership on the reaction of corporate investment and financing constraints: a panel threshold model


  • Chung-Hua Shen
  • Chien-An Wang


This paper studies whether or not investment decisions are financially constrained in a cross-ownership system of Taiwan. Different from the financial structure in the USA, subsidiaries in Taiwan are allowed to buy stocks of the parent companies. Hence, the conventional debt-to-equity ratio is inappropriate to divide firms into high and low-debt firms. Instead, a new threshold variable - the adjusted debt-equity ratio (ADE) - is employed to divide the sample into high-debt firms and low-debt firms. A panel of 115 Taiwan-listed firms for the period 1991-1997 is used. Evidence supports the cash flow hypothesis and ADE has a notable significant influence on the financial constraints.

Suggested Citation

  • Chung-Hua Shen & Chien-An Wang, 2005. "The impact of cross-ownership on the reaction of corporate investment and financing constraints: a panel threshold model," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 37(20), pages 2315-2325.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:applec:v:37:y:2005:i:20:p:2315-2325
    DOI: 10.1080/00036840500218786

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Steven M. Fazzari & Bruce C. Petersen, 1993. "Working Capital and Fixed Investment: New Evidence on Financing Constraints," RAND Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 24(3), pages 328-342, Autumn.
    2. Abel, Andrew B & Eberly, Janice C, 1994. "A Unified Model of Investment under Uncertainty," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 84(5), pages 1369-1384, December.
    3. Takeo Hoshi & Anil Kashyap & David Scharfstein, 1991. "Corporate Structure, Liquidity, and Investment: Evidence from Japanese Industrial Groups," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 106(1), pages 33-60.
    4. Inessa Love, 2003. "Financial Development and Financing Constraints: International Evidence from the Structural Investment Model," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 16(3), pages 765-791, July.
    5. Chirinko, Robert S & Schaller, Huntley, 1995. "Why Does Liquidity Matter in Investment Equations?," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 27(2), pages 527-548, May.
    6. Michael Devereux & Fabio Schiantarelli, 1990. "Investment, Financial Factors, and Cash Flow: Evidence from U.K. Panel Data," NBER Chapters,in: Asymmetric Information, Corporate Finance, and Investment, pages 279-306 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Oliner, Stephen D & Rudebusch, Glenn D, 1992. "Sources of the Financing Hierarchy for Business Investment," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 74(4), pages 643-654, November.
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    Cited by:

    1. Mu-Shun Wang, 2013. "Idiosyncratic Volatility and the Expected Stock Returns for Exploring the Relationship with Panel Threshold Regression," Asia-Pacific Financial Markets, Springer;Japanese Association of Financial Economics and Engineering, vol. 20(2), pages 113-129, May.

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