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Growth of regional economy and income inequality: county-level evidence from Florida, USA

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  • Jongsup Kim

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to find the homogeneous groups and growth factors of Florida's counties through factor analysis and cluster analysis from data sets from 1979 and 2000 and to grasp the relationship between income inequality and growth by cluster using the derived growth factors. The numbers of factors divided through factor analysis were three, and six groups were obtained from cluster analysis. County-level evidence of this paper indicates that GI_DI and SIN have a strong effect and are statistically significant to the growth rate. Results for income inequality by county and region indicate significant differences between counties, including counties where agriculture accomplishes the primary main function. Therefore, government should adopt the following policies: minimum wage, unemployment insurance, local or state tax policies, income support programmes, and tax reform.

Suggested Citation

  • Jongsup Kim, 2004. "Growth of regional economy and income inequality: county-level evidence from Florida, USA," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 36(2), pages 173-183.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:applec:v:36:y:2004:i:2:p:173-183
    DOI: 10.1080/0003684042000174065
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Galor, Oded & Tsiddon, Daniel, 1997. "Technological Progress, Mobility, and Economic Growth," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 87(3), pages 363-382, June.
    2. Saint-Paul, Gilles & Verdier, Thierry, 1993. "Education, democracy and growth," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(2), pages 399-407, December.
    3. Alberto Alesina & Dani Rodrik, 1994. "Distributive Politics and Economic Growth," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 109(2), pages 465-490.
    4. Oded Galor & Joseph Zeira, 1993. "Income Distribution and Macroeconomics," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 60(1), pages 35-52.
    5. Dasgupta, Partha & Sen, Amartya & Starrett, David, 1973. "Notes on the measurement of inequality," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 6(2), pages 180-187, April.
    6. Persson, Torsten & Tabellini, Guido, 1994. "Is Inequality Harmful for Growth?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 84(3), pages 600-621, June.
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    Cited by:

    1. Massimiliano Mazzanti & Antonio Musolesi, 2011. "Income and time related effects in EKC," Working Papers 201105, University of Ferrara, Department of Economics.
    2. Massimiliano Mazzanti & Antonio Musolesi, 2010. "Carbon Abatement Leaders and Laggards Non Parametric Analyses of Policy Oriented Kuznets Curves," Working Papers 2010.149, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.
    3. Massimiliano Mazzanti & Antonio Musolesi, 2009. "Carbon Kuznets Curves: Long-run Structural Dynamics and Policy Events," Working Papers 2009.87, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.

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