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The role of inflation expectations in the EMU


  • Maritta Paloviita
  • Matti Viren


This article analyses the role of inflation expectations in the euro area. On the one hand, the question is how inflation expectations affect both inflation and output, and, on the other hand, how inflation expectations reflect developments in these variables. The analysis makes use of a simple VAR model of inflation, inflation expectations and output, which allows for scrutinizing the dynamic interrelationships between these variables. Empirical results strongly suggest that inflation expectations are the key ingredient of the inflationary process for the euro area and they have a significant negative effect on output. Inflation expectations are found to be relatively persistent - almost as persistent as output - albeit they do adapt to developments in both output and (actual) inflation, especially in the medium term.

Suggested Citation

  • Maritta Paloviita & Matti Viren, 2009. "The role of inflation expectations in the EMU," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 16(16), pages 1671-1675.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:apeclt:v:16:y:2009:i:16:p:1671-1675 DOI: 10.1080/13504850701591309

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Fratianni, Michele & Kang, Heejoon, 2006. "Heterogeneous distance-elasticities in trade gravity models," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 90(1), pages 68-71, January.
    2. Arvind Panagariya, 2000. "Preferential Trade Liberalization: The Traditional Theory and New Developments," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 38(2), pages 287-331, June.
    3. de Melo, Jaime & Montenegro, Claudio & Panagariya, Arvind, 1992. "Regional integration, old and new," Policy Research Working Paper Series 985, The World Bank.
    4. Anderson, James E, 1979. "A Theoretical Foundation for the Gravity Equation," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 69(1), pages 106-116, March.
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    Cited by:

    1. Paloviita, Maritta, 2007. "Estimating a small DSGE model under rational and measured expectations : some comparisons," Research Discussion Papers 14/2007, Bank of Finland.

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